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Pectins

Residue Monograph prepared by the meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), 82nd meeting 2016









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    Rebaudioside a From Multiple Gene Donors Expressed in Yarrowia Lipolytica
    Residue Monograph prepared by the meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), 82nd meeting 2016
    2016
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    Prepared at the 82nd JECFA (2016) and published in FAO JECFA Monograph 19 (2016), superseding specifications for Oxidized starch included in the specifications for Modified starches prepared at the 79th JECFA (2014), published in FAO JECFA Monographs 16 (2014). An ADI “not specified” was established at the 26th JECFA (1982). Rosemary extract is obtained from ground dried leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis L using food-grade solvents, namely, acetone or ethanol. Solvent extraction is followed by fi ltration, solvent evaporation, drying and sieving to obtain a fine powder. Additional concentration and/or precipitation steps followed by deodorisation, decolourisation and standardisation using diluents and carriers of food grade quality maybe included to produce the final product. Rosemary extract is characterised by its content of phenolic diterpenes, carnosic acid and carnosol, the principal antioxidative agents. Other antioxidant components present include triterpenes and triterpenic acids . Rosemary extract is identified by the total content of carnosol and carnosic acid as a ratio of reference volatile compounds which are responsible for flavour. The product of commerce can be standardized to a total carnosic acid and carnosol content up to 33%.
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    Phosphated Distarch Phosphate (Tentative)
    Residue Monograph prepared by the meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), 82nd meeting 2016
    2016
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    Prepared at the 82nd JECFA (2016) and published in FAO JECFA Monograph 19 (2016), superseding specifications for Oxidized starch included in the specifications for Modified starches prepared at the 79th JECFA (2014), published in FAO JECFA Monographs 16 (2014). An ADI “not specified” was established at the 26th JECFA (1982). Phosphated distarch phosphate is a modified starch. It is obtained by esterification/cross-linking of food starch with sodium trimetaphosphate or phosphorus oxychloride comb ined with esterification with ortho-phosphoric acid, or sodium or potassium ortho-phosphate, or sodium tripolyphosphate, in accordance with good manufacturing practice. The esterification results in partial substitution in the 2, 3- or 6- position of the anhydroglucose unit unless the 6-position is occupied for branching. In the case of cross-linking, where a polyfunctional substituting agent, such as phosphorus oxychloride, connects two chains, the structure can be represented by: Starch-O-R-O- Starch, where R = cross-linking group and Starch refers to the linear and/or branched structure.
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    Oxidized Starch
    Residue Monograph prepared by the meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), 82nd meeting 2016
    2016
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    Prepared at the 82nd JECFA (2016) and published in FAO JECFA Monograph 19 (2016), superseding specifications for Oxidized starch included in the specifications for Modified starches prepared at the 79th JECFA (2014), published in FAO JECFA Monographs 16 (2014). An ADI “not specified” was established at the 26th JECFA (1982). Oxidized starch is a modified starch. It is obtained by treatment of food starch in accordance with good manufacturing practice with sodium hypochlorite. Oxidation involves the deliberate production of carboxyl groups.

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