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Delivery of climate services to last mile users: challenges and opportunities for scaling









FAO, CIAT, MAF and MONRE. 2022. Delivery of climate services to last mile users: challenges and opportunities for scaling. Vientiane.




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    Lao Climate Service for Agriculture (LaCSA) 2020
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    The project "Strengthening Agro-climatic Monitoring and Information Systems (SAMIS) to improve adaptation to climate change and food security in LAO PDR” has the objective to broadcast the weather information and weather warning in advance to the public widely throughout the website. Climate change results in severe damage to agriculture sectors in the whole country which stems from a flash flood, drought, plant disease, and natural disaster. To respond to the risk of disasters, daily, weekly and monthly weather forecasts and weather warnings in advance are necessarily needed to inform farmers on time. The broadcast on the risk of weather prediction will directly benefit farmers in which impacts on farmers' crops and enhance farmers to access widely the weather forecast via the website.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Global outlook on climate services in agriculture
    Investment opportunities to reach the last mile
    2021
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    Climate change and extreme weather events are heightening levels of acute food insecurity and food crises around the world. As the world emerges from the COVID-19 pandemic and deals with other drivers of food security, poverty and inequality, the international community is calling for a climate-resilient and sustainable recovery. Supporting the shift away from disaster response toward preventative and anticipatory action is fundamental to address the growing challenges faced by agriculture and food systems. Climate services highlight the role of science and technology in providing innovative solutions for risk reduction, effective resilience policies and adaptation planning. Underpinned by robust science and agrometeorological data, climate services and digital advisories bring tailored climate information to agricultural producers and value chain actors. But despite increasing evidence of the benefits of climate services, there are still major gaps in their development worldwide. This global assessment points to a significant gap in investment in climate services for the last mile – the small-scale farmers and most marginalized communities. Bridging this gap and scaling climate services is essential if actionable information is to be communicated in an equitable and effective manner to users, making sure no one is left behind. The report presents the latest data on the state of climate services for agricultural users with surveys from 36 countries across all FAO regions. The report’s findings have major implications for institutional frameworks to effectively target investments in resilience, preparedness and recovery. Case studies highlight additional challenges, opportunities and lessons learned from specific interventions across the climate services provision framework. Despite many challenges, climate services have demonstrable benefits to agriculture and food security by navigating agricultural producers around unpredictable and changing weather patterns. The report presents a blueprint for targeted investments to ensure that finance is effectively allocated not only to enhance the production of climate services, but also their provision, engagement and application by agricultural communities.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Weather dependent climate smart recommendations
    Part of the Lao People's Democratic Republic climate services for agriculture (LaCSA)
    2021
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    The Laos Climate Services in Agriculture (LaCSA) system was developed by the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH) project Strengthening Agro-climatic Monitoring and Information System (SAMIS). The LaCSA archives and processes agro-meteorological and climatological data to provide agro-advisory services to next- and end-users. It generates and delivers tailored agro-met services to farmers by analyzing the meteorological data, agriculture data from national databases, and field level data collected by partners to produce seasonal (monthly) and real-time (weekly) agro-advisory in the form of bulletins. The bulletins contain district- and province-specific crop and livestock forecasted climate risks, pest and diseases risk advisory, and climate smart farming recommendations. The production of the recommendations was undertaken by the National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI) and by the CIAT project DeRISK. Jointly these entities collected and systematized detailed agricultural data and experts knowledge throughout the country. The recommendations went through a series of revisions and validations based on feedback from local crop experts. The agricultural recommendations (presented here in English but available in Lao language too) are structured in tables. Rows list the farming activity, and columns contain farming practices by rainfall forecast compared to the climatological average, for which three conditions are possible: normal, wetter than normal, and drier than normal. This leaflet aims to promote fair access and transparency for researchers, development partners, and advisory users. LaCSA is a dynamic system and information can be updated and modified based on new knowledge and need. Authorized representatives will improve the recommendations over time.

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