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Annexes WHS IP







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    Qanat Irrigated Agricultural Heritage Systems). Proposal for Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) of Kashan, Isfahan Province Islamic Republic of Iran
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2014
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    The most important agricultural systems such as Pomegranate, Pistachio, and Saffron farming systems are irrigated by Qanat. The geographical regions around the Central Desert of Iran which is also one of the most traditional agricultural areas have been using the Qanat technology for providing water for agriculture and human consumption for thousands of years. The Qanat Irrigation technology and related knowledge system have developed in Iran as early as 800 BC and the Kashan region is the land of one of the oldest human habitat in Iran and is also one of the origins of Persian agricultural civilization irrigated by Qanat system.
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    Ingenious agricultural heritage in cold oases connected to collective grazing areas (Haut Atlas, Maroc)
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2014
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    In the High Atlas mountains of Morocco, cold oases connected to rangelands and collective grazing areas have been created by Amazigh people despite extreme climate conditions. Throughout centuries of isolation, they have maintained their cultural heritage (agricultural, social, artisanal and linguistic). These people and their culture are today recognisd by the Moroccan Constitution as an integral part of national identity. Over many centuries, they have developed astute systems to manage natu ral resources, that are still in place today, to ensure food self sufficiency. Indeed, varieties of wheat, barley, corn, alfalfa, apricots, almonds… are exceptional, as well as varieties of aromatic and medicinal plants. There is also one bee species, and associated biodiversity (fishes (salmonids), mamals, reptiles…). The rational use of rangelands for grazing is well established; fertile areas (agdals) are controled by precise regulations dependent on rotational system (fallow time, and gra zing pressure limitation). Water management is controled by a local hydraulic and legal culture: century old conducts: khettaras, and customary right and institutions.
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    Annexes to the Minabe-Tanabe Ume System
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2016
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