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Generating better jobs along the wool value chain in Pakistan







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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Pakistan: Urgent call for assistance 2022
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    Severe monsoon weather conditions since mid-June 2022 have disrupted the lives and livelihoods of 33 million people in Pakistan, mainly located in rural areas. Rainfalls were significantly higher than the national 30-year average, leading to devastating floods and landslides that wiped out agricultural lands, livestock assets, forests and critical agricultural infrastructure. The climate-induced disaster struck rural communities amid growing economic and food security challenges, compounding their vulnerabilities and exhausting their resilience. Rural communities, who represent 80 percent of the poorest people in Pakistan and depend on agriculture and livestock keeping for their livelihoods, were among the hardest hit by the disaster, especially in Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab provinces. The document provides an overview of the impact of the disaster on agricultural livelihoods and food security as well as FAO's planned response and funding requirements.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Small ruminant value chains in Western Balkan countries 2024
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    In the past five years, the small ruminant sector in the Western Balkans has experienced a decline, most notably in Albania, where the sheep population decreased from 1.97 million to 1.48 million. Despite this setback, Albania remains the leading producer of sheep and goat milk in the region, while Serbia has achieved a remarkable 44.6 percent increase in sheep and goat meat production over the past decade. Albania's per capita consumption of mutton and goat meat stands among the highest globally at 8.68 kg/year in 2020, a stark contrast to other Western Balkans countries, where consumption ranges from 0.61 to 3.33 kg/year. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the top importer of live small ruminants, whereas Serbia and Montenegro mainly import processed sheep and goat meat. The report delineates four principal market channels for small ruminant milk and three for small ruminant meat that farmers utilize for product commercialization. Albanian small ruminant farmers predominantly focus on milk production, while their counterparts in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina are inclined towards meat production. The sheep and goat sector confronts several challenges, including limited labour availability, depressed prices, and insufficient investment funds. Additionally, the undeveloped wool value chain raises environmental concerns. Regarding policy preferences, sheep and goat farmers favour direct support measures, such as per head payments for milking small ruminants. Suggested interventions include replicating successful business models, fostering collective actions, and aligning strategies with the European Union's Green Deal. The report underscores the necessity for enhanced buyer–farmer integration, effective value chain governance, and strategic farm management practices to foster growth in the small ruminant sector.
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    Project
    Emergency Support to Improve Food Security and Agriculture-Based Subsistence Livelihoods of Drought-Affected Population in Balochistan and Sindh Provinces of Pakistan - TCP/PAK/3705 2022
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    Pakistan has an estimated population of around 208 million, with 40 9 million living below the national poverty line The country is not only prone to natural disasters that adversely impact the food security and livelihoods of its inhabitants, but is also vulnerable to climatic changes that are expected to increase the occurrence and severity of droughts in the southern part of the country, especially in Balochistan and Sindh provinces, where between 65 and 95 percent of the population lives in rural areas Drought is increasingly common in these provinces, with serious consequences on food security, livestock, crops, water resources, the environment and aquifers In August 2018 the Provincial Disaster Management Authority of Sindh identified 513 villages in eight districts of Sindh as calamity hit (drought affected) In December 2018 18 districts in Balochistan were identified as calamity hit by the PDMA, Balochistan Both Sindh and Balochistan provinces have a high prevalence of poverty and food insecurity The incidence of multidimensional poverty is 43 percent and 71 percent in Sindh and Balochistan respectively, and even higher in rural areas According to the preliminary results of a National Nutrition Survey in 2018 global acute malnutrition rates are above emergency thresholds in most drought affected districts A Sindh drought needs assessment conducted in October 2018 classified between 32 and 36 percent of HHs 0 72 0 89 million people) as severely food insecure and 1 1 6 million people classified as moderately food insecure A similar assessment conducted in 14 drought affected districts of Balochistan in January 2019 indicated that 58 percent of surveyed HHs experienced moderate or severe hunger In response to the drought emergency in the two provinces the PDMAs declared a state of calamity in the affected districts while the NDMA requested the United Nations System to activate an emergency response coordination system A drought response plan for emergency support to 2 1 million people in the prioritized districts was developed, with a funding requirement of USD 96 3 million in January 2019 to be led by FAO and the World Food Programme ( The current project was developed to provide immediate emergency assistance to extremely food insecure drought affected agro pastoralist communities in the provinces of Balochistan (in Nushki and Chaghi districts) and Sindh (in Umerkot and Sanghar districts) The project would also conduct an Integrated Food Security Phase Classification ( acute food insecurity.

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