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Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. January 2012









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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°62 - February 2015 2015
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    The off-season activities are continuing without any major hurdles. Regarding pastoralism, four months after the end of the rainy season, drying and depletion of pasture and water sources continue, particularly in areas that had a rainfall deficit in Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Chad. Pastoral lean season is already shaping up with high concentrations of animals in the areas that remain favourable to grazing, the descent into agricultural areas and cross-border transhumance, particularly towards Togo and Northern Benin. The results of the periodic food security monitoring which took place in Mauritania by the Commissariat à la Sécurité Alimentaire and WFP in December 2014 shows a deterioration of the food security situation with food insecurity rates never before seen in the post-harvest period. The effects of agriculture and pastoralism following the rain deficits recorded in the country could explain these high rates of food insecurity.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°51 - November/December 2013 2013
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    The cereal harvests, which are estimated to be above the five-year average in the Sahel region (+1%) and in the West Africa region (+16%) have spurred a seasonal price decrease in most markets. However, prices remain higher than their five-year averages in the eastern and western trade basins of the region, which affects the purchasing power of many vulnerable households, particularly in Chad, Niger and Ghana. The chronic vulnerability of populations, erosion of livelihoods after recurrent crise s (2008, 2010, and 2012), bad agro-pastoral productions in some areas, floods and other localized shocks ex-plain the food insecurity of 13 million people at the end of 2013, despite average harvests. Moreover, 4.5 million children suffer from acute malnutrition in West Africa and the Sahel region. The regional partners highlight the urgent need of rebuilding national food stocks and the implementation of appropriate responses which fit population needs, particularly those of refugees and food i nsecure households. The decrease in agricultural production in some areas in the Sahel may lead to food and nutrition insecurity, which must be closely monitored.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°52 - January 2014 2012
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    In West Africa and the Sahel, cereal harvests have allowed prices to decrease across markets. However, prices are higher than their five-year averages (especially for millet and sorghum), which negatively affects vulnerable households depending on markets to meet their food requirements. Zones that experienced erratic rainfall during the rainy season, causing poor harvests and pasture deficits, will face an early lean season affecting mainly the most vulnerable households. The effects of poor ha rvests are starting to be observed in some areas in Mali (Mopti and Bandiagara), Mauritania (agropastoral, rainfed and suburban livelihood zones), Niger and Chad (Wadi Fira). The situation needs to be closely monitored to avoid any further deterioration of the food security situation. A good off-season agricultural campaign will be crucial for the people depending on agriculture in the Sahel, particularly for those that were affected by poor harvests earlier this year.

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