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Integrated pest management for Eucalyptus plantations: the case of Zimbabwe












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    Project
    Building Capacities to Improve and Sustain Forest Health to Enhance the Resilience of Forests and Livelihoods of Forest Dependent Communities - TCP/NEP/3702 2022
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    According to the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 forests occupy 3 636 million ha 25 4 percent of the land area) in Nepal, while forests and other wooded land cover 38 6 percent of the country’s total land area Nepal is rich in biodiversity, with 118 ecosystems and 35 vegetation types Forests are an integral part of the livelihood of people in Nepal, providing vital ecosystem services and a variety of forest products Forest cover in Nepal has remained relatively stable in recent decades However, the growing stock of forests has been declining, indicating a degradation of forest resources caused by unsustainable logging, encroachment, forest fires, natural disasters, incidence of diseases, insect pest problems and the incursion of IAPs A global analysis of the potential threat of invasive alien species ( to agriculture ranked Nepal the third most vulnerable country of the 124 countries surveyed 25 IAPs in the country have been identified as serious threats to all ecosystems, especially natural forests and plantations.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    FAO Food Chain Crisis Early Warning Bulletin
    Forecasting threats to the food chain affecting food security in countries and regions. No. 30, January-March 2019
    2019
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    During the period January to March 2019, Food Chain Crisis (FCC) threats are expected to occur in Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe, where they may persist within a country, spread to neighbouring countries, remain latent, or re-emerge or amplify. The dynamics and likelihood of occurrence of FCC threats depend on a number of risk factors or drivers. These include agro-ecological factors (intensive farming systems, deforestation, overgrazing, etc.), climate change (such as droughts, extreme weather events, flooding, heavy rains, heatwaves, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation - ENSO or changes in vegetation cover or water temperature), human behaviour (cultural practices, conflicts and civil insecurity, trade, etc.) and natural disasters. In relation to food security, and according to the latest Crop Prospects and Food Situation report (January- March 2019), FAO estimates that, globally, 40 countries (31 in Africa, 8 in Asia, and 1 in the Americas) are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts continue to be the dominant factor driving high levels of severe food insecurity. Weather shocks have also adversely affected food availability and access. FCC threats might compound food insecurity in fragile countries stricken by weather shocks and conflicts. Twenty-nine plant and forest pests and diseases, locusts and animal and aquatic diseases were monitored and forecasted by FAO experts for the period January-March 2019. A total of 275 forecasts were conducted in 120 countries. According to the forecasts, the following pests and diseases represent a high to moderate risk to the food chain in some countries for the period January-March 2019: Rift Valley fever (RVF) in Africa, African swine fever (ASF) in Asia and Europe, Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), Avian influenza (AI) in Africa and Asia, and Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in Africa, Asia and Europe for Animal diseases and zoonoses; Fall armyworm (FAW), Banana fusarium wilt disease (BFWD) and Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) in Africa and Asia, and Cassava brown streak disease (CBSD), Wheat rust and Banana bunchy top disease (BBTD) in Africa for Plant pests and diseases; Desert Locust in Africa and Asia for Locusts; and Blue gum chalcid, Red gum lerp psyllid, Bronze bug and Polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB) in Africa, Dry cone syndrome in Asia, Bark beetles in Europe and the Americas, and Pine processionary moth in Europe for Forest pests and diseases; Tilapia Lake Virus in the in the Americas and Asia, and Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) in Asia for Aquatic diseases.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    FAO Food Chain Crisis Early Warning Bulletin 2018
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    During the period January to March 2018, Food Chain Crisis (FCC) threats are expected to occur in the regions of Africa, Americas, Asia, and Europe where they will be either persisting within a country, or possibly spreading to neighbouring countries, or will be latent and re-emerge/amplify at a certain time. Twenty-eight plant and forest pests and diseases and animal and aquatic diseases were forecasted by FAO experts for the period January to March 2018. A total of 215 forecasts were conducted in 111 countries. According to the forecasts, the following pests and diseases will be representing a high or moderate risk to the food chain for the period January to March 2018: African swine fever, Avian influenza, Foot-and-mouth disease, Lumpy skin disease, and Rift Valley fever for Animal diseases including zoonosis; Tilapia Lake Virus disease for Aquatic diseases; Bark beetles, Blue gum chalcid, Bronze bug, Dry cone syndrome, Pine processionary moth, and Red gum lerp psyllid for Forest pests and diseases; Desert Locust and Red Locust for Locusts; Banana bunchy top disease, Banana fusarium wilt disease, Cassava brown streak and mosaic diseases, Fall armyworm, and Wheat rust for Plant pests and diseases.

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