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FAO takes a close look at the pig Sector in Eastern Europe to better understand the threats of African Swine fever









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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    African swine fever, a transboundary threat that requires regional and international cooperation 2018
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    African swine fever (ASF) is a contagious viral disease that causes a haemorrhagic fever in domestic pigs and wild boar. It is characterised by high fever, internal haemorrhage and multiple organ failure with a lethality that approaches 100 percent. ASF is currently widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Russian Federation and the Italian island of Sardinia. Its arrival in the Caucasus in 2007 and its progressive advance through the Russian Federation into Eastern Europe, where it now seems established, demonstrated the high potential for transboundary spread of ASF. In August 2018, China reported the occurrence of ASF for the very first time.
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    Book (series)
    African swine fever in wild boar
    Ecology and biosecurity
    2022
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    African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating haemorrhagic viral disease affecting domestic and wild pigs of all ages and sexes. This disease causes massive economic losses, threatens food security and trade, and presents a serious challenge for the pig production sector in affected countries. ASF also threatens the biodiversity conservation of several Asiatic wild Suidae. Since ASF was first introduced in Georgia in 2007, the disease has spread to many countries in Europe, Asia and the Pacific, and in 2021, it was detected in the Caribbean states of the Dominican Republic and Haiti, both in the Americas. In much of its Euro-Asiatic range, the African swine fever virus (ASFV) infects wild boar, which sometimes act as the main – if not the only – epidemiological reservoir of the infection, keeping it in the environment regardless of the presence of infected domestic pigs. The presence of the virus in wild boar populations is a continuous health threat for the sympatric domestic pig population, posing a challenge for veterinary and wildlife services that have had little success in attempting to eradicate infections among wildlife, especially in the absence of an effective vaccine. Finally, areas in which ASFV is detected in wild boar remain infected for at least one year after the last recorded case. This is a much longer period than that of domestic animals and puts a strain on the services involved, requiring a considerable amount of work and human and financial resources. The second edition of the handbook provides insights on surveillance and disease management in wild boar based on experiences with ASFV eradication in Belgium and Czechia, as well as other recent experiences in the prevention and control of the disease in wild boar in Europe.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    What hunters need to know about African swine fever and biosecurity measures during hunting 2022
    African swine fever (ASF) is a lethal infectious disease of domestic pigs and wild boar. In Europe, multiple countries have been affected by ASF, with the majority of outbreaks occurring in wild boar, which can sustain the disease over long periods of time. Controlling the disease in wild boar is a great challenge for the national authorities. Wildlife managers and hunters are key in preventing and slowing the spread of ASF in wild boar. This factsheet designed for hunters summarizes the most important facts on ASF in wild boar and hunting biosecurity. It can be used as a standalone document to inform hunters or as supplementary material during the training of hunters.

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