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Libya | Revised humanitarian response (June–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











​FAO. 2020. Libya | Revised humanitarian response (June–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome.



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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been facing chronic challenges linked to poverty, food insecurity, lack of access to basic services, armed conflict and insecurity, epidemics (cholera, Ebola virus disease [EVD], measles and malaria) and population displacement. Following the first reported case of COVID-19 in the country (March 2020), the Government declared a state of emergency and several urgent and essential measures were put in place, such as the closure of borders, the partial lockdown of Kinshasa with movement restrictions, and the closure of all schools. These restrictive measures were necessary but have affected a country that was already fragile, further exacerbating peoples’ vulnerabilities. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Nigeria | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Nigeria has been grappling for over a decade with an ongoing insurgency in the northeastern part of the country that has caused mass displacement and has drained both state and community resources. In addition, prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the country was emerging from an economic recession caused by lower than anticipated oil prices. Urgent and essential COVID-19 restrictions put in place by the Government (i.e. lockdowns in the most affected states, airport and border closures, and inter-state movement restrictions) have negatively affected agricultural activities across the country. Necessary health-related restrictions on interstate travel, market closures, limitations on the movement of workers and other constraints have affected both production and trade. As of early May 2020, the effects of the pandemic on agriculture and food systems in northeastern Nigeria had become evident, specifically in relation to food supply chains and interstate movements of agricultural produce, including both food commodities and animal feed. Vulnerable food system workers including petty traders, small- and medium-scale food processors and other value chain actors remain among those most at risk of financial hardship. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Cameroon | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Cameroon remains affected by three major crises, namely the Boko Haram insurgency in the Far North, Central African refugees in the eastern part of the country, and the crisis in the North-West and South-West regions, in addition to being prone to natural disasters. Humanitarian access remains difficult in remote areas, depriving a large numbers of people of basic amenities and food aid. Insecurity in the Far North and blockages by armed groups in the North-West and South-West, have led to significant population displacements and forced humanitarian actors to suspend some of their activities, which has worsened the food security situation of the most vulnerable populations. These factors are significantly affecting people’s livelihoods, exacerbating their vulnerabilities and eroding their resilience. Following the first reported cases of COVID-19 in the country (6 March 2020), the Government put in place urgent and essential containment measures, including movement restrictions, limited transport, closure of land and sea borders, which have significantly affected the availability of and access to the production of food commodities. However, as certain measures have recently been lifted (May 2020), only 17 percent of the population has reported constraints in accessing markets. Overall, the effects of COVID-19 and the related containment efforts are expected to affect the food security and livelihoods of already vulnerable populations in the country. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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