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Aohan Dryland Farming System. Proposal for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)









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    Saffron Heritage Site of Kashmir in India. GIAHS Saffron Site Report (part- 1)
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2012
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    One of the legacies of saffron farming practice for centuries in and around the Pampore Karewas of Kashmir in India is that this ancient farming system continues to inspire family farmers and local communities through their livelihood security that it provides for more than 17,000 farm families. Kashmiri village women contribute to this agriculture heritage site through traditional tilling to flower picking over 3,200 hectares dedicated to the legendary saffron crop cultivation at Pampore. Howev er, it has been facing grave challenges of sustainability and livelihood security with urgent need to adopt appropriate technologies, inter-alia, to address water vagaries, productivity loss and market volatilities. Thanks to GIAHS (Globally Important Agricultural Heritage System programme hosted by FAO of the UN at Rome), appropriately innovative scientific and technical approaches have been and are being tested and adopted at the pilot site for dynamically adapting to changing environment with due awareness-raising.
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    Pu’er Tea Agricultural System. Proposal of Candidate System for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2012
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    Proposing the Pu’er Tea Agricultural System as a pilot system of GIAHS is of great significance in terms of protecting and exploiting old tea tree resources, tea plantation ecosystem and tea culture in the Lancang River Basin and in the whole nation on a larger scale. Pu’er Tea Agriculture System is centered on pu’er tea and tea culture. The system contains a complete vertical evolution of ancient magnolias and tea trees, which proves that southwest China is the world’s provenance of tea trees.
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    The GIAHS – Hani Rice Terraces System Yuanyang County, Honghe County, Lvchun County and Jinping County in Yunnan Province, P. R. China. Format for Proposal of Candidate Systems for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Programme
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2016
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    Hani Rice Terraces are located in the Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, which is in the southeast part of Yunnan Province. People of various races, with Hani being the main minority group, has built this spectacular agriculture and nature wonders. The magnificent Hani Terrace System is a masterpiece of the brilliant Hani minorities, who has lived in this remarkable landscape for over 1300 years. The terraces are mainly distributed along the south part of the Honghe Ailao Mountain and spr ead in four counties: Honghe, Yuanyang, Lvchun, and Jinping, covering an area of about 70,000 ha. Hani Rice Terraces are one of best examples to show farmers’ wisdom in China. The Hani villages are built on the mountainsides, above the village are the flourishing forests and the terraces are just below the villages. It is amazing that in the Hani Rice Terraces there are no reservoirs but water supply is abundant. The forest, village, terrace and river compose the typical ecological landscape of the Hani Rice Terraces. The Hani People, their indigenous agricultural technologies, their selection of the settlement site and their traditional customs for environment protection and conservation all show a harmonious relationship between human and nature, and their relationship in the human society as well.

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