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Wheat Landraces in Farmers’ Fields in Uzbekistan

National Survey, Collection, and Conservation, 2010-2015









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    Wheat Landraces in farmers’ fields in Tajikistan 2015
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    Using valuable genetic resources of local origin for improving wheat is essential for current breeding projects of Tajikistan. Thus, the main objective of the current project was to identify the areas of Tajikistan where wheat landraces and old varieties are still grown and make collections of them. With this purpose, a survey was carried out in mountainous districts of Tajikistan during summer of 2013 and 2014. The farmers who still maintain these landraces were interviewed with the goal of und erstanding socio-economic issues of growing landraces. Collections of the landraces and old varieties were made from the farms identified by the survey.
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    Wheat Landraces in Farmers' Fields in Turkey: National Survey, Collection and Conservation, 2009-2014 2015
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    Turkey is located at a unique position from the view point of plant genetic diversity. Due to its great variety in geomorphology, topography, and climate, Turkey has a large diversity of habitats so it is very rich in plant species and endemism. One plant, perhaps the most important one, is wheat. Wheat is one of the most important agricultural commodities in Turkey, and the country ranks among the top ten wheat producers in the world. Wheat is a staple and strategic crop and an essential food i n the Turkish diet, consumed mostly as bread, but also as bulgur, yufka (flat bread), and cookies. Total annual wheat production is estimated at 19.6 million metric tons, valued at approximately US$6.9 billion in 2010. Total production area is approximately 8 million ha (FAO, 2012). Value addition via processing makes the wheat industry one of the major sectors in the economy. The study showed that wheat landraces are being produced by farmers in generally remote areas for subsistence farming. T he number of farmers producing wheat landraces and different wheat landrace populations are likely decreasing. As a country, Turkey has a good strategy to conserve them in gene banks (ex situ conservation), but should focus more on their maintenance under farmers’ conditions (in situ conservation) and improve conservation and sustainability strategies using organic farming practices, geographical indicators, mountainous production practices, and emphasis on local products.
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    Renewable energy interventions in the wheat landscape in Uzbekistan 2023
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    Energy, climate change and agriculture are closely interlinked, and the introduction of renewable energy interventions in the agriculture sector can catalyse poverty reduction and climate change mitigation. The agricultural is an important sector of the economy for Uzbekistan as it employ over 26 percent of the total working population. Uzbekistan has universal access to energy in addition to significant fossil fuel resources, which are supported by a well-extended energy distribution network. However, the energy sector faces several challenges due to inefficient and outdated infrastructure, resulting in high losses as well as power outages, especially in rural areas. Access to stable energy is essential to rural farmers, especially for irrigation, as the impact of climate change is expected to intensify in the near future. This report is part of the technical analysis that informs the GEFs project preparation grant application (PPG) under the GEFs food system, land use and restoration (FOLUR) impact programme. The focus of the analysis is on three regions of Uzbekistan: the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Kashkadarya and Khorezm. Firstly, the report provides an overview of solar energy, wind energy and specific elements of bioenergy potential. Building on this, the report identifies specific renewable energy interventions that can enhance the agriculture production of wheat landscapes in the selected regions in Uzbekistan. In addition to the wheat value chain, the alfalfa, dairy and horticulture chains were identified as important chains for the country and the specific regions being considered. Furthermore, the assessment provides details on the specific types of renewable energy interventions that could be implemented for the specific value chains under evaluation, as well as the related costs and investment requirements. These interventions can help stabilize access to energy for farmers and overcome some of the current access shortages.

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