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Pro-Poor Livestock Sector Development in Latin America: A Policy Overview

Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative: A Living from Livestock









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    The Livestock Sector in the World Development Report 2008: Re-assessing the Policy Priorities
    Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative: A Living from Livestock
    2008
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    This note examines how the 2008 World Bank World Development Report on Agriculture for Development (WDR) assesses the potential contribution of the livestock sector to agricultural / economic growth and poverty alleviation, with a particular focus on the policy implications. The WDR largely considers meat and dairy as high value livestock products and the evolution of the livestock sector as being primarily driven by demand-related factors. Opportunities for livestock sector development are thou ght to predominate in transforming and urbanized economies, mainly in Asia and Latin America, where linking farmers to markets is a major policy priority. Instead, for agriculture based countries of sub-Saharan Africa, the WDR advocates for a smallholder-based ‘productivity revolution’, particularly for staple foods.
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    Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative: A Living from Livestock. Pro-Poor Livestock Policies: Which Poor to Target? 2004
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    As the majority of the rural poor keep livestock and markets for livestock products are rapidly growing, supporting smallholder livestock production and marketing can make a significant contribution to the livelihoods of the poor and offers substantial scope for expansion to alleviate poverty. This potential is far from being realized, however, and there is much wider scope for the promotion of livestock, especially among poor rural communities, by national and international policy makers.
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    Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative: A Living from Livestock: PPLPI’s Livestock Development Goals: Application of LDG1 to Peru, Senegal and Viet Nam 2007
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    Although the poor constitute a majority in developing countries, their circumstances vary in significant ways between and within their economies. To improve their livelihoods, a better understanding of this heterogeneity is essential. This report examines poverty from the perspective of livestock dependence, an essential characteristic of rural and peri-urban households in developing countries. We find that livestock dependent populations are more likely to be poor, but the degree of their pover ty depends on complex local circumstances, including the extent of formal sector participation, property rights, and access to capital. Our insights suggest that more determined efforts to promote smallholder livestock production can be a potent catalyst for poverty alleviation, but that policies aimed at promotion of smallholder livestock keepers need to be carefully targeted and that although they can bring a large proportion of the poor over the poverty threshold, there are circumstances in w hich they will not reach the poorest population.

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