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GIEWS Update - The Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 22 September 2022

Soaring prices and reduced availability of agricultural inputs curb 2022 agricultural production prospects, increasing risks for acute food insecurity











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    Heavy monsoon rains and subsequent flooding between mid-June and end-August 2022 disrupted the livelihoods of about 33 million people and destroyed agricultural land, crops, livestock assets, critical agricultural infrastructure and households’ food reserves. The floods caused significant losses to the 2022 “Kharif” food and cash crops, including rice, maize, cotton, sugarcane, vegetables and orchards, with the bulk of the damage concentrated in Sindh Province. Prices of wheat, the country’s main staple, and other basic food items have been generally rising since the end of 2021 and reached record or near-record levels in August 2022. Acute food insecurity is expected to worsen in parts of the country due to the negative impact of the floods and the very high prices of basic food items, energy and fuel. International food and agricultural assistance is urgently needed to avoid the deterioration of the local food security situation.
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    The 2015 aggregate food1 production is estimated at 5.42 million tonnes, 9 percent less than in 2014 and the first decline since 2011 due to poor rains and low availabilities of water for irrigation. The sharp reduction follows an already disappointing output in 2014. Production of paddy rice, the country’s main staple, dropped by 26 percent and output of maize also decreased, although to a lesser extent. Total food requirements for the 2015/16 marketing year (November/October) are forecast by F AO at 5.48 million tonnes of cereal equivalent (rice in milled terms), resulting in a cereal import requirement of 684 000 tonnes. Assuming the official import target of 300 000 tonnes of cereals is met, an uncovered food deficit of 384 000 tonnes for the current marketing year is forecast. This gap is almost four times larger than in 2014/15 and the highest on record since 2011. Given the tight supply outlook, the food security situation in 2015/16 is expected to deteriorate from the previous y ear when most households were already estimated to have poor or borderline food consumption rates. Government-distributed food rations, which provide the main access to food for 18 million people, have been sharply reduced since July 2015.
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    GIEWS Update - The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, 26 January 2022
    Record prices constrain households’ access to main staple foods
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    Prices of cereals and other imported basic food products started to surge in September 2021 and reached record highs in January 2022. Price increases are mainly driven by a significant depreciation of the national currency. The high prices have negatively affected the ability of vulnerable households to access food.

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