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The African Wall

Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative







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    Book (series)
    Evaluation of the project "Action Against Desertification in support of the implementation of the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative, the United Nations to Combat Desertification and Drought action plans in Fiji and Haiti, and South–South cooperation in the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States"
    Project code: GCP/INT/157/EC
    2022
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    The “Action Against Desertification in support of the implementation of the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative, the UNCCD action plans in Fiji and Haiti, and South–South Cooperation in the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States” project (AAD) worked with eight countries in Africa, the Caribbean and Asia to tackle the detrimental social, economic and environmental impacts of land degradation and desertification (2014 to 2020). It was implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and partners, with majority of funding from the European Union and co-funding from diverse partners. The project contributed to improving the conditions and productivity of agrosilvipastoral landscapes and the capacity to plan land restoration and manage forest and land resources. Livelihood improvements and concrete positive incidence on household income, food security, crops and milk production, and community interactions. It increased awareness and support policy makers developing intervention strategies that address D/LDD. The large-scale, heavy machinery-based technical intervention logic was found appropriate to address desertification/land degradation and drought (D/LDD) in specific conditions and countries. The geospatial study estimated the contribution of Action Against Desertification (AAD) to carbon sequestration to be between 384 000 and 1.27 million tonnes of carbon sequestered. The evaluation recommendations include further investments in training; building awareness and addressing climate change and land degradation; increasing political and policy coherence; guaranteeing sustainability and buy-in from beneficiaries; building in sustainable financing mechanisms at all stakeholder levels; increasing opportunities; and developing non-timber forest product (NTFP) value chains to create and develop viable markets for the products.
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    Eritrea's five years action plan (2011-2015) for the Great Green Wall Intitiative (GGWI). Draft 2012
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    The Eritrea’s Five Years Action Plan highly focuses on all necessary activities that help in mitigating land degradation, reducing desertification, adapting climate change, increasing agricultural products so as to improve the lively hood of the people.
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    Great Green Wall - Action Against Desertification initiative to boost small-scale farming in Africa 2019
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    Desertification, land degradation and drought are grave challenges facing Africa’s drylands, aggravating the issues of hunger, poverty, unemployment, forced migration and conflict. Climate change is increasing the risk of extreme weather events and all these factors have a far-reaching adverse impact on human health, physical infrastructure, natural resources and national and global security. The Great Green Wall initiative is Africa’s ambitious response. Launched in 2007, it has rallied more than 20 African countries, international organizations, research institutes, civil society and grassroots organizations to transform the lives of millions of people by creating a mosaic of green and productive landscapes across North Africa, the Sahel and the Horn of Africa. FAO, a long-standing partner of the Great Green Wall initiative, is playing a key role through the Action Against Desertification initiative, launched in 2014. This initiative has paved the way for large-scale restoration of small-scale farming and aims to make degraded land productive again and improve the livelihoods of rural communities in less than five years. To scale up efforts and make a lasting impact, more investment is needed.

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