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Environmental peacebuilding and forests: Networks, opportunities, and resources

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022










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    Book (series)
    Environmental management and environmental impact assessment in aquaculture: Training Workshop for aquaculture managers. Entebbe, Uganda
    GCP/RAF/466/EC SmartFish Project
    2013
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    The overall objective of the SmartFish programme is to contribute to an increased level of social, economic and environmental development and deeper regional integration in the Eastern-Southern Africa and Indian Ocean Region (ESA-IO), through the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources. The programme is funded by the European Union under the 10th European Development Fund and is implemented under the overall responsibility of the Indian Ocean Commission. Within the framework of SmartFish Result 5, Output 5M3.1, improved Environmental Management and Environmental Impact Assessment in Aquaculture (EIAA) was identified as a means by which sustainable benefits from aquaculture can be ensured. The regional training workshop was organized for SmartFish beneficiary countries with the objective of enabling them to improve country application and compliance of environmental impact assessment and environmental management of aquaculture, which would in turn help them foster sustainable de velopment. All SmartFish member countries participated in the organization of the workshop, from the assessment of training needs, to the design of the training programme, through to the training itself. Based on the findings from the initial needs assessment exercise, the workshop targeted national aquaculture managers. Findings from the needs assessment suggested focusing on improving practical knowledge and skills to address the following topics:  Aquaculture inputs and resources;  Aquacult ure outputs and impacts;  Why undertake environmental management;  Site selection and estimating capacity;  Modeling aquaculture impact;  Environmental regulations and their application;  EIAA components and process;  Environmental Management planning;  Environmental monitoring;  Strategic Environmental Assessment. The training sessions involved active discussions and practical exercises, which included field tours and case studies. In the case studies, participants evaluated pond and ca ge based aquaculture investments within the context of EIAA. They took into account the technical aspects, as well as the socio-economic and ecosystem requirements and impacts likely to arise from aquaculture. The evaluation of case studies followed steps based on recommended best practices from EIAA and Environmental Management Procedures (EMP). 5 The steps below show how participants undertook the review of their case studies:  Evaluation of the business plan;  EIAA screening process;  Ide ntification of main issues likely to arise, including identification of key stakeholders, stakeholder consultation exercises (done during field visit) and risk analysis of the main issues;  Identification of data requirements for analysis, evaluation and monitoring;  Identification of mitigation measures;  Presentation of findings that were outlined as EIAA and EMP to the departments of Environment and Aquaculture1 for final evaluation, approval and licensing. At the end of the workshop, part icipants expressed the value of working together with all relevant stakeholders. Aquaculture as an enterprise is cross-cutting and EIAA and EMPs cannot be implemented effectively by primary departments alone. Moreover, participants were able to identify the key issues in their respective countries, and the appropriate practical steps needed to be put in place, which would enable them to become more effective in EIAA considering both their national and local conditions. The following were identif ied by participants as being the gaps for which additional support would be required in order to improve levels of effective implementation of EIAA in the region:  Specialized training that targets managers (both in aquaculture and environmental institutions), practitioners and the general public, focusing on building skills and improving levels of public awareness.  Building the capacity of the various public institutions and the private sector, through building Public-Private-Partnerships, i n order to implement EIAA and better manage the general environmental issues of aquaculture. The following proposals were put forward: the development and production of user manuals for the different audiences; the provision of field and laboratory equipment; undertaking Strategic Environmental Assessments; setting up specialized EIAA units within departments; and, establishing effective functional linkages between key departments, notably the National Environmental Management Agencies and Fishe ries aquaculture institutions. Information management systems should also be looked at.  Development and/or improvement of general and specific national policies, regulations, strategies and guidelines, including their implementation.  Adoption of environmentally friendly systems and practices at all times.
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    Article
    Engagement opportunities for Indigenous Peoples within the forest stewardship council: Case studies
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Forest Stewardship Council responsible forest management certification ensures that - not only forests are managed through sustainable practices - but also that FSC certified forestry companies operate in a socially responsible manner, respecting the rights of the people that live in and depend on the forest. In order to achieve this, the involvement of indigenous and non-indigenous communities in the framework of FSC certification is key. This paper describes the various engagement opportunities that FSC certification offers to both Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities through practical case studies across the globe: Case #1: Sweden and Finland: Sami Indigenous People; Case #2: Mexico: Indigenous communities: Ixtlán de Juarez, Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro; Case #3: Peru: Indigenous communities: Belgica, Calleria, Buenos Aires, Junin Pablo, Roya, Nuevo Loreto; Case #4: Guatemala: Association of Forest Communities; Case #5: Chile: Mapuche Indigenous People. The case studies illustrate various types of collaboration: indigenous associations proactively involved in defining national FSC standards, Indigenous communities successfully managing Amazonian and coniferous natural forest, responsibilities of forest management enterprises towards communities (consultation and mitigation of impacts), positive engagement between FSC certified entities and Indigenous Peoples (conflict resolution), dispute resolution mechanisms, workshops on forestry topics involving Indigenous communities and the involvement of Indigenous Peoples in high level political discussions at FSC. These case studies demonstrate that FSC certification provides a solid foundation for the creation of engagement opportunities with Indigenous Peoples, benefiting the communities involved and delivering on its mission of promoting socially responsible forest management worldwide. Keywords: Governance, Social protection, Human health and well-being, Partnerships, Conflict ID:3485616
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Women-led cooperatives support programme
    FAO's experiences in the field
    2024
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    "FAO Türkiye’s Women-led cooperatives support programme" booklet offers a multi-faceted look into the role of cooperatives in women’s economic, social, and cultural empowerment. The document is an illuminating exposition on the intersection of gender equality, sustainable development, and agricultural development cooperatives. The booklet dives into FAO's Global Strategy on Women-led Cooperatives, detailing success stories that underscore the transformative power of these cooperatives in rural Turkish communities. The narrative weaves through the framework of FAO's Strategic Objectives, demonstrating how cooperatives serve as a platform for rural women’s empowerment, offering both economic opportunities and a platform for social and cultural engagement. Furthermore, ten of these cooperatives jointly initiated the establishment of a new e-commerce platform, hepyerinden.coop, under the guidance of FAO Türkiye. Hepyerinden.coop aims to enhance market opportunities and contribute to the long-term sustainability of the cooperatives by enabling them to reach a broader customer base by digitalization.This comprehensive resource is designed to appeal to a broad audience, from global development actors to local stakeholders including policymakers, researchers, practitioners in the field of gender and agricultural development, and anyone interested in the intersection of gender equality and sustainable agriculture by illuminating the cooperative model as a force for transformative change. It serves as an educational tool, offering insights into the practical aspects of running and sustaining women-led cooperatives, while also addressing broader themes such as women's rights, economic development, and social justice in the context of Türkiye's evolving cooperative movement. Through its detailed analysis and compelling case studies, the document underscores the vital role of cooperatives in advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment in the agriculture sector.

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