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Scoping agriculture – wetland interactions













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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Sustainable wetland agriculture and water management in the Mekong Region 2020
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    Wetlands provide a range of ecosystem services by supporting water security, food security and ecological security, biodiversity as well as farmers’ and fishers’ diversified livelihoods. However, wetlands are under huge pressures. Issues of wetland degradation and loss were highlighted in the SDG6 2018 Monitoring Report, which stated that 70 per cent of global natural wetlands have been lost in the last century, with profound impacts on economic development and social and environmental stability. This brief highlights both general issues and specific challenges and problems in the Mekong Region for wetland agriculture and water management, and provides recommendations for conservation actions.
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    Project
    Safeguarding Wetlands in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) through Climate Resilient Approaches to Sustainable Management - GCP/LAO/022/LDF 2024
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    Freshwater wetlands in Lao People’s Democratic Republic are regionally and globally highly vulnerable to development pressures, land use encroachment and excessive natural resource exploitation, becoming most valuable under climate change impact, as they are disappearing quickly and are rated as one of the most highly threatened natural ecosystems. By addressing critical capacity gaps in knowledge, planning, governance and on-ground implementation to strengthen climate resilience of the wetlands and dependent communities, the project was designed to contributed to climate risk and resilient wetlands management. It assisted livelihoods diversification and increased food security and incomes while reducing climate and natural disaster risks and the impacts of environmental, ecological and natural resource over-use.
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    Article
    Sacred Kaya forests: Role in enhancing food security, climate change adaptation and biodiversity conservation among the Mijikenda community in Kenya
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Sacred Kaya forests, located in Kenya’s coastal plains and hills, are sacred forests of the Mijikenda ethnic community. These forests have been preserved since the 16th century as sacred places where prayers, rituals and sacrifices take place, and their integrity and sanctity have been safeguarded by a council of Kaya elders who employ a system of taboos and traditional rules to protect the forests. Kaya forests provide vital ecosystem services such as biomass energy, food, air and water purification, pollination, seed dispersal, climate modification and soil stabilization which support local livelihoods. Despite their importance, rapid population growth, infrastructural development, cultural erosion and overdependence on natural resources by local communities are causing extensive degradation of Kaya forests with negative implications on biodiversity conservation and local livelihoods. A study was conducted to assess the role of Kaya forests in enhancing food security, community adaptation to climate change and biodiversity conservation among the Mijikenda community. Household questionnaires, focus group discussions, community meetings and transect walks were used to collect data amongst communities living adjacent to Rabai Kaya landscape in Kenya. The study revealed that Kaya forests are biodiversity hotspots. The diverse flora and fauna of the Kaya forests are sources of genetic resources for food, forestry and agriculture, and mitigate the loss of variability of plant genetic resources for food security and adaptation to climate change. The study recommends protection of traditional knowledge and strengthening of traditional governance systems such as the Kaya council of elders which underpin the conservation of Kaya forests for enhanced conservation and socio-economic benefits. Key words: Kaya forests, biodiversity, food security, adaptation and Mijikenda ID: 3486805

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