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Food Price Monitoring and Analysis (FPMA) Bulletin #4, 13 May 2024

Monthly report on food price trends











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    International prices of wheat and maize declined in April 2023 while rice prices increased. Ample supplies, strong export competition and generally favourable crop conditions in the European Union weighed on wheat prices, while ongoing harvests in South America underpinned the decline in maize prices. Rice export quotations reversed most of the declines that they registered in March 2023. Domestic staple food prices were generally sustained at higher year-on-year levels in April 2023, in most of the countries monitored by FAO, attaining record highs in some cases. Conflict and insecurity, adverse weather and currency weaknesses remain key drivers. However, on a month‑on‑month basis, seasonal harvest pressures eased some staple food prices in parts of South America, Southern Africa, East Africa and East Asia, while high levels of wheat stocks continue to support softening wheat and wheat flour prices in CIS (Asia and Europe).
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    Food Price Monitoring and Analysis (FPMA) Bulletin #3, 14 April 2023
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    International prices of all major cereals declined in March. World wheat prices fell significantly, reflecting ample supplies, strong export competition and the extension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative (BSGI). A mix of factors, including ongoing harvests in South America, expected record output in Brazil and currency depreciation in Argentina, led to a decline in maize prices. International rice prices also eased in March, weighed by ongoing or imminent harvests in major Asian exporters. FAO’s analysis of the latest available data shows domestic staple food prices, despite some declines, continue to be very high in many countries in March 2023. Seasonal harvest pressures in parts of East Asia and ample availability of wheat from major exporters in the CIS (Asia and Europe) supported month‑on‑month declines in some staple food prices. Conflict and civil insecurity remained an underlying driver of food price increases in Haiti, and parts of East and West Africa, while weather related shocks were key contributing factors in parts of East and Southern Africa. In many countries, currency weaknesses and high transport costs continue to support elevated prices of both domestically produced and imported food commodities.
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    Food Price Monitoring and Analysis (FPMA) Bulletin #7, 14 September 2023
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    Seasonal supplies continued to weigh on the world prices of wheat and maize in August 2023, as their harvesting operations were concluded in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, respectively. By contrast, international rice prices rose to their highest level in 15 years, in nominal terms, largely reflecting trade disruptions registered in the aftermath of India’s July ban on Indica white rice exports. In most countries monitored by FAO, domestic prices of basic food commodities persisted at year-on-year higher levels in July and August 2023 due to the impact of conflict and insecurity, adverse weather, high prices of agricultural inputs, elevated distribution costs and currency weaknesses. On a monthly basis, domestic rice prices increased seasonally in most countries in East Asia, while supplies from 2023 harvests supported a decline in maize prices in Southern Africa and South America. In Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia countries and in East Asia, ample carryover stocks and supplies from recent harvests underpinned month-on-month declines in wheat and wheat flour prices.

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