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Report of the Workshop on Participatory Approaches in Aquaculture. Bangkok, Thailand, 28 February - 1 March 2000.










FAO. Report of the Workshop on Participatory Approaches in Aquaculture. Bangkok, Thailand, 28 February - 1 March 2000. FAO Fisheries Report. No. 630. Rome, FAO. 2000. 41p.


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    Book (stand-alone)
    Participatory Processes towards Co-Management of Natural Resources in Pastoral Areas of the Middle East
    A Training of Trainers Source Book Based on the Principles of Participatory Methods and Approaches
    2003
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    The Source Book provides guidance how participatory processes in co-management of natural resources might be encouraged and promoted at the field level. Building on the specific and organic experience of introducing participatory processes in an environment previously inexperienced in these contemporary concepts, the sourcebook outlines a progressive and sequential set of skills which proved to be useful in promoting both technical and sociological skills required to enhance a participatory pr ocess. The approach described combines the introduction of different sets of techniques and exercises (related to participatory attitudes, PRA methods and tools, planning skills, facilitation, forming groups, and managing conflict) with the idea of process guidance and coaching of project staff in their daily work of creating a process of participatory and collaborative management of natural resources. The Sourcebook is at product of the cooperation between the FAO-Italian project Range Reha bilitation and Establishment of a Wildlife Reserve in the Syrian Steppe and the Rural Institutions and Participation Service of FAO. It is based on the lessons learned from a series of workshops, and field tested activities implemented in the context of the above project. It also draws on the experiences of the authors, and others, in a variety of pastoral regions of the world.
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    Meeting
    Report of the IOTC CPUE Workshop 2013
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    A Workshop developing assessing CPUE trends and techniques used by IOTC RFMO was held in AZTI Teclia in San Sebastian (Spain), from 21 to 22 October 2013. The following were the key issues and recommendations identified at the meeting: 1. Use of newer standardization techniques (GLMM, GEOSTATISTICAL APPROACHES and CORE AREA APPROACHES) using operatiol data to assess divergence in CPUE?s across fleets. 1.1. While standard approaches worked well in most cases, the CPUE WG recommended that newer ap proaches should be tested. The results of the workshop conducted over the two day period, indicated that the GLMM models tend to capture the trends better. In addition incorporating more vessel specifics and using geostatistical techniques is another approach to pursue over time. Filly, the use of core-area approaches may be informative for by-catch species. Moreover, the majority feeling of the group was that during CPUE standardization the use of operatiol data when they are available is recom mended as it will allow to capture the covariates that are important during the standardization process. 1.2. The strongest recommendation that came out of the workshop was that in areas where CPUE’s diverged the CPC’s were encouraged to meet inter-sessiolly to resolve the differences. In addition, the major CPC’s were encouraged to develop a combined CPUE from multiple fleets so it may capture the true abundance better. Approaches to possibly pursue are the following: i) Assess filtering approa ches on data and whether they have an effect, ii) examine spatial resolution on fleets operating and whether this is the primary reason for differences, and iii) examine fleet efficiencies by area, iv) use operatiol data for the standardization, and v) have a meeting amongst all operatiol level data across all fleets to assess an approach where we may look at catch rates across the broad areas. 1.3. Simulation studies could also be developed to assess which models work best (delta log-Normal, ze ro inflated versus standard GLM+constant, Tweedie). 1.4. Operatiol level data is useful if we want to quantify fishing fleet efficiency using fleet dymic covariates. More applications could be developed using the methods developed by Hoyle and Okamoto (2010), or Hoyle (2009), and prelimirily presented by Dr. Okamoto at the CPUE workshop. 1.5. Assess how core area Standardization works along with out of core or boundary area effects. 1.6. Environmental data would be useful to consider in relation to standardization approaches. However, the way it is usually performed in GLMs, where an environmental covariate is associated to each observation (in regular 1°, 5° or even 10° grids) , may not be the most pertinent as it does not allow to identify the ecological processes which may affect CPUE. Altertively, GLMs could be performed in sub-areas where the variability pattern of the environmental sigture is well identified (using spatial EOFs to delineate those sub-areas). In such sub-areas, GL Ms could be designed with and without environmental covariates to understand the potential effect of the environment. Environmental covariates should be in limited numbers (the lesser the better) and selected in order to test hypothesis on the ecological processes at stake. Develop robust CPUE series for other species and Working Parties. 2.1. The Working Group recommended to also focus the efforts in other species such as Temperate Tu. In addition the WG recommended, developing better CPUE data for Neritic Tu, and also improving the data and standardization on marlins and sharks. 2.2. Develop a reference manual for use in performing a CPUE standardization for any fleet in any working party (e.g. neritic tu WP or temperate tu WP). Criteria for inclusion of the data in a stock assessment should also be developed (possibly using ICCAT techniques as a baseline). With regard to Purse Seine data the following were recommended: 3.1. Approaches being pursued by EU scientist have some promise, and more work should be put in the development of an index of abundance for the PS fleet on Skipjack Tu, Yellowfin Tu and Bigeye Tu. 3.2. The availability of Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) data is a major requirement for the purse seine fishing fleet as it ebles to spatialize the nomil effort (i.e. fishing or searching time), which is key to appreciate the temporal changes in the spatial extent of the prospected areas. VMS data may also be used to alyze PS trajectories with the aim to discrimit e sets on FADs equipped with buoys from free school sets, log sets and foreign FADs sets (see after) 3.3. Purse seiners currently fish during the same trip on a combition of free-swimming and drifting FAD-associated schools. In addition, fishing on FADs results from both the detection of vessel-owned FADs through GPS geolocation systems as well as from the finding of 'foreign' FADs through bird detection for instance. Future alyses should focus on the separation of fishing time between searching and running towards FADs. Classification methods based on indicators describing spatial behaviour of vessels could eble to define typical fishing strategies and categorize trip components into such categories. 3.4. Data available on FAD activities collection have improved recently. Future alyses should focus on the definition of a fishing effort for purse seiners using FADs by (i) looking at the influence of the number of FADs owned by a vessel on individual CPUEs, (ii) by investigating the CPU Es in areas characterized by strong contrasts in FAD density. The influence of supply vessels on catch rates (e.g. the number of sets per day) and on the overall fishing capacity of the PS fleet should also be investigated at the vessel level through the information available from supply logbooks. 3.5. Alyses of temporal changes in individual and overall fleet catchability from CPUEs should be conducted to estimate fishing power creep and investigate how such changes are related with some major technological changes known for the PS fleet (e.g. bird radar). Including vessel effects into GLMs can reveal useful insights on vessel efficiency for such alyses. Attention should be paid also for change over time of fishery indicators which are part of the CPUE (e.g., number of set by day, % of successful set, catch size of the set). 4. The CPUE Workshop participants recommended that a thorough alysis of the history of the fishery would be useful for references for each species. In addition, t he Group agreed that a central body (the Secretariat) should undertake additiol activities in key areas (Neritic tus where they can develop/collate the existing data on catch and effort and alyse this for some key species (eg. Longtail and Kawakawa)). 5. The CPUE Standardization Working Group agreed that a reference document that IOTC could use in what criteria should be used in utilizing a dataset for CPUE Standardization for all WP would incorporate the specifics of the temporal and spatial co verage of the data, and useful covariates that could quantify the fishing activity and the environment in which the fish lived.
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    Document
    Asia and the Pacific Regional High Level Consultation on Gender, Food Security and Nutrition: Ensuring the Other Half Equal Opportunities. Bangkok, Thailand, 24- 26 July 2013
    Report
    2013
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    The Asia and the Pacific Regional High Level Consultation on Gender, Food Security and Nutrition co-organized by ADB, FAO, and WOCAN was convened to advance ongoing efforts to promote gender equality as an effective strategy to achieve food security and nutrition in the Asia-Pacific region. It was the first regional high-level consultation focusing on the linkages between gender, food security and nutrition issues. The consultation was an opportunity to raise awareness on the gender dimensions o f food and nutrition insecurity and their implications for rural poverty, agricultural productivity and national development in Asia and the Pacific. The ADB and FAO publication ‘Gender Equality and Food Security – Women’s Empowerment as a Tool Against Hunger’, authored by Prof. Olivier de Schutter, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food was launched on the first day of the event, and served to anchor the discussions around the pressing challenges of gender discrimination in the Asia-Pac ific region that are serious impediments to achieving food security and nutrition. The consultation was attended by key stakeholders, including leading representatives of the Member countries, non-governmental organizations (NGOs)/civil society organizations (CSOs), and women leaders of rural communities/institutions from seventeen countries around the Asia-Pacific region. The event was designed to facilitate a multi-stakeholder dialogue on strategic efforts to enhance gender responsive food and nutrition security interventions between the latter, United Nations and other development organizations, research institutions and the private sector. The event ensured a highly engaged exchange on good practices and lessons learned in this regard, and led to agreements on follow-up measures that would advance gender equity and women’s empowerment. There was general agreement on four critical approaches that would contribute to the overall goals of gender-responsive food and nutrition security outcomes: i) the importance of relying on human-rights based approaches; ii) the advantages of working in collaboration across the region through partnerships; iii) the crucial role of inclusivity of rural women, including indigenous women and marginalized and vulnerable groups through their organizations and networks in the design, development and implementation of gender equality and rural development programs and strategies; and iv) the importance of male involvement in gender transformative process to ensure the sustainability of future action in this regard. The participants identified and agreed to undertake follow-up actions in their respective countries to close the gender gap in agriculture and empower women so they could fully contribute to improve food and nutrition security in the region along key actions identified in the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 66-129, on the Improvement of the Situation of Women in Rural Areas.

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