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Ten years of capacity development on national forest monitoring for REDD+

Much achieved yet much more to do









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Strengthening National Forest Monitoring Systems for REDD+ 2018
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been providing support to member countries on national forest monitoring for decades. Best practices and lessons learned from this support are summarized in FAO´s Voluntary guidelines on national forest monitoring (VGNFM). The guidelines provide principles, elements and best practices for the establishment and implementation of a multipurpose National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS). The aim of this paper is to strengthen the elements and guidelines provided in the VGNFM in the context of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). It also includes a deeper analysis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change decisions and the most recent methodological recommendations provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, focusing on the three pillars of an NFMS for REDD+: a Satellite Land Monitoring System, a National Forest Inventory, and REDD+ reporting, including the combination of remote-sensing and ground-based forest inventory to estimate anthropogenic forest related Greenhouse Gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks.
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    Project
    Building engagement with REDD+ at country level - GCP/GLO/874/AUL 2019
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    FAO Forestry Department’s main activities in relation to REDD+ and National Forest Monitoring include helping to build institutional capacity at national level by providing technical assistance in countries and developing tools to support the design and implementation of multipurpose National Forest Inventory, Satellite Land Monitoring Systems, and Forest Reference Levels, which also include support to assess forest carbon estimates in the context of REDD+. Using its global and country-level expertise, FAO identified the need to accelerate the transfer of knowledge on REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification to countries, as they make the transition from readiness to implementation. This project presented a collaborative approach towards more effectively leveraging existing capacity-building resources in the advancement of REDD+ implementation.
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    Booklet
    Technological innovation driving transparent forest monitoring and reporting for climate action 2024
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    This paper reviews how countries are benefiting from technical innovations in their monitoring and reporting of forest-related emissions and removals to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).Forests play an important role in climate action. They are often mentioned in nationally determined contributions (NDCs) with targets conditional on international climate finance. Despite countries reporting forest-related emission reductions (ERs) of 14.0 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) to the UNFCCC, results-based finance for ERs has been limited. Nonetheless, more robust estimation methods have increasingly enabled accessing new sources of climate finance, including from the private sector. As such, technological solutions and capacity development for ER reporting can act as an engine that enables better resource management and improved access to climate finance.There has been enormous technological progress over the last decade, allowing increasingly robust forest dynamic assessments. Recent UNFCCC reference level submissions reveal an increased use of satellite imagery with higher spatial and temporal resolution: initial submissions relied entirely on Landsat imagery; after 2022, 100 percent used Sentinel and 50 percent used Planet imagery. Open source solutions are widely used by countries: 89 percent of countries reporting a reference level to the UNFCCC have used Open Foris, a set of free and open source solutions and platforms developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for accessing and analysing data. Improvements in forest monitoring are crucial to better understand forests’ contribution to climate change mitigation and unlock climate finance.

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