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The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture








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    Book (series)
    The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture 2015
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    This report updates the global assessment provided in the first report on The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, published in 2007. It focuses particularly on changes that have occurred during the period since the first report was published. It serves as a basis for a review, and potential update, of the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources, which since 2007 has provided an agreed international framework for the management of livestock biodiversity. Drawing on 129 country reports, it presents an analysis of the state of livestock diversity, the influence of livestock-sector trends on the management of animal genetic resources, the state of capacity to manage animal genetic resources, including legal and policy frameworks, and the state of the art in tools and methods for characterization, valuation, use, development and conservation.

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    Book (stand-alone)
    Status Terkini Dunia Sumberdaya Genetik Ternak Untuk Pangan Dan Pertanian 2009
    Manajemen berkelanjutan keragaman genetik ternak dunia merupakan hal yang sangat penting untuk bidang pertanian, produksi pangan, pembangunan pedesaan dan lingkungannya. The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture merupakan pengkajian pertama tentang sumberdaya tersebut. Seperti digambarkan dalam 169 laporan Negara, sumbangan dari sejumlah organisasi internasional dan khususnya 12 laporan tematik, menampilkan analisis keragaman sektor peternakan - asal usul dan pen gembangan, pemanfaatan dan nilai, penyebaran dan pertukaran, status resiko dan ancaman – dan kapasitas untuk memanfaatkan sumberdaya tersebut – baik secara kelembagaan, kebijakan dan aturan legal, aktivitas breeding dan program konservasi. Kebutuhan dan peluang dikaji dalam konteks untuk kekuatan mengubah sistem produksi ternak. Perangkat dan metode untuk meningkatkan pemanfaatan dan pengembangan SDGT disajikan dalam bagian status terkini tentang karakterisasi, perubahan genetik, evaluasi nilai ekonomis dan konservasi. Ringkasan Laporan Status Sumber Daya Genetik Ternak Dunia untuk Pangan dan Pertanian (The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture) disajikan dalam Versi Arab, Cina, Inggris, Perancis, Rusia dan Spanyol. Juga tersedia sebuah dokumen, penyusunan tentang status terkini sumberdaya genetik ternak yang dapat menjadi acuan pngembangan kebijakan dan Rencana Aksi Global untuk Sumber Daya Genetik Ternak, apabila telah diadopsi, akan menjadi agenda un tuk dilaksanakan oleh masyarakat internasional.
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    Document
    Livestock biodiversity 2010
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    This paper describes the institutional background against which invasiveness is considered with regard to livestock genetic diversity. The human-made nature and extensive spread of a few domesticated animal species for global food production is a feature of agricultural diversity that complicates the simple, negative view of invasive species. The different impacts of livestock species on natural biodiversity, of breed diversity within species, and of within-breed diversity on agricul tural biodiversity are discussed. Livestock production continues to threaten natural biodiversity. The increasing demand for food of animal origin, the productivity and technology differentials, as well as the information and awareness bias, tend to favour international high-output breeds over local breeds. This will increase their ‘invasiveness’ in the market economy if current policy distortions continue. Several measures are proposed to control genetic erosion through uncontrolled gene flow. Countries are responsible not only for control of invasive alien species under the Convention on Biological Diversity but also for sustainable use and conservation of animal genetic resources, and for food security; they must balance trade-offs between these broad policy objectives.

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