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Socioeconomic policies and food security








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    Project
    Aquaculture Business Investment Planning and Development to Increase Resilience and Improve Food Security - TCP/SAP/3603 2020
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    Aquaculture has been identified by many Pacific Island governments as a sector with strong potential to innovate, reap productivity gains, generate employment and contribute to regional food and nutrition security and livelihood diversification. Nonetheless, against a backdrop of climate change and insufficient finance streams for such a specialized sector, aquaculture production in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in the Pacific Region requires new streams of technical cooperation and public-private finance. This will facilitate a more sustainable transformation towards a more economically and environmentally viable and resilient aquaculture sector, in turn allowing those involved to benefit from new technologies and international best practices. With growing regional demand for fish, aquaculture in Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) could become an increasingly important employer for rural communities. The rapid growth in production over the past three decades has been largely due to the expansion of cultured areas, technological intensification and increased use of aquafeed, at times leading to short-term increases in income and output, but also adversely impacting marine ecosystems. To this end, and through its support in developing national and regional business development and investment strategies for aquaculture, the project responds to the needs of the countries of the Micronesian Association for Sustainable Aquaculture (MASA) – comprised of the Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru and Palau – for business planning information and tools. In strengthening the business strategy and sustainability of this sector, FAO and regional partners, such as the Pacific Community (SPC), seek to support community-led aquaculture farms, public and private sector actors along the aquaculture value chain and relevant line ministries (e.g. fisheries, marine resources and environmental authorities) in the MASA countries. As such, national consultations on policy, regulatory and technical capacity reviews proved timely in identifying aquaculture species most suitable for investment, as part of cost-effective business development plans that pay special attention to managing biosecurity risks.
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    Document
    Food and agriculture policy decisions - Trends, emerging issues and policy alignments since the 2007/08 food security crisis 2013
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    The report reviews a broad range of food security and agricultural development policy decisions implemented over the period 2007 to 2012 in more than 70 countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. Selected policy decisions were analysed following FAPDA’s classification, dividing policy decisions into three main categories: producer-oriented policies, consumer-oriented policies, as well as trade-oriented and macroeconomic policies. Policy decisions reviewed included those most deb ated and most frequently implemented since the 2007/08 food price crisis. The report finds that the initial responses to the crisis tended to address immediate food security concerns with short-term, ad-hoc measures. Over the following years however, policy decisions reflected a more long-term and institutionalized approach. Governments are gradually moving from universal subsidies for food and fuel towards more targeted interventions to reach vulnerable and food insecure households. Moreo ver, a growing number of countries have shifted from short-term, ad-hoc cash or food-based interventions towards mainstreaming and institutionalizing social safety net programmes. The initial trade response was to ban or restrict exports and increase imports in efforts to achieve domestic food availability, measures which have since relaxed in support of producers. Also, Countries are increasingly establishing public food reserves to protect domestic supply in times of crisis. We also see a high degree of policy integration at the national level. However, protective trade policies at national levels have contradicted the efforts of regional food security and policy harmonization advocated by many regional economic communities.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    COVID-19: Rapid food security and agrifood sector country assessment for Jordan 2021
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    Governments worldwide are implementing an extensive range of prevention and mitigation measures to control the spread of COVID-19 and limit its health, economic and social consequences. COVID-19 policy actions could have significant negative impacts across the food system, mainly if the policies are uncoordinated and built on limited evidence. In Jordan, the COVID-19 pandemic is continuing to cause direct harm to health, livelihoods, to people living standard and overall national economies. This articulates the importance of formulating long, medium and short-term policies to deal with pandemic priorities and alleviate COVID-19 and increase development investments in the agriculture sector as one of the most critical sectors in such these conditions. This study determines the short-term impact of COVID-19 on agriculture and food supply and identifies the positive impact of government measures taken across the country of Jordan. This rapid assessment utilized primary data and existing data related to the agriculture-food systems sector to understand the impact of the COVID-19 crisis and produced recommendations and policy actions. The assessment's general objective is to identify the effects of COVID-19 on Agri-food systems actors and recommend policies to alleviate the negative impact. It explores the range of policies, strategies and actions, in the short- and medium/long-term in the broader agriculture/food systems sector. Recommendations and suggested policies (10 policies) are formed depending on the results of the field surveys (farmers, exporters and supply chain actors survey), the results of secondary data analysis, IMF targeted policies (9 pillars), Jordan COVID-19 and Food Security Rapid Assessment-Policy

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