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Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities: Briefing note








FAO. 2023. Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities: Briefing note. Rome. 



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    Booklet
    Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) – Annual report 2022 2023
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    The Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) enables the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to take rapid and effective action in response to food and agricultural threats and emergencies.This annual report provides a brief description of the major operations initiated with SFERA funds for the 12-month period ending 31 December 2022. The report contains financial data for this period, as well as data since the Fund became operational. The Fund has three components: (i) a working capital component to advance funds once a resource partner’s commitment is secured toward the immediate procurement of inputs to protect livelihoods, restart agricultural activities or contribute to an immediate response to a crisis; (ii) a revolving fund component to support FAO’s involvement in needs assessment, programme development, early establishment and reinforcement of emergency country team capacities, Level 3 (scale-up) emergency preparedness and response activities; and (iii) a programme component to support work on specific large-scale emergency programmes, or strategically complement ongoing programmes through the Agricultural Inputs Response Capacity (AIRC) window as well as the Anticipatory Action (AA) window triggered by corporate early warnings. Since its inception in 2004 through 31 December 2022, SFERA has received USD 369.4 million, of which USD 154.4 million were allocated to large-scale programmes (e.g. locust response, sudden onset disasters, El Niño response, highly pathogenic avian influenza, protracted crises and COVID-19); USD 79.4 million were disbursed under the AIRC window; USD 22.1 million under the AA window; USD 37.5 million were used to set up or reinforce Country Office emergency response capacities and support needs assessments and programme formulation; and USD 15.8 million were allocated to the Level 3 (scale-up) emergency preparedness and response window.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Priority countries: Belgium’s contribution through the Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) 2023
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    The Government of the Kingdom of Belgium contributes flexible funding to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through the Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) to address the most urgent needs of vulnerable populations in 2023 and 2024. Thanks to Belgium’s contribution of USD 10.9 million, FAO aims to support priority countries to quickly improve the food security of crisis-affected households.
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    Booklet
    Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) | Annual Report 2019 2020
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    The Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) enables the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to take rapid and effective action in response to food and agricultural threats and emergencies. The Fund has three components: (i) a working capital component to advance funds once a resource partner’s commitment is secured toward the immediate procurement of inputs to protect livelihoods, restart agricultural activities or contribute to an immediate response to a crisis; (ii) a revolving fund component to support FAO’s involvement in needs assessment and programme development, early establishment and reinforcement of emergency country team capacities, Level 3 emergency preparedness, and response activities; and (iii) a programme component, which pools resources in support of a programme framework for large-scale emergencies or strategically complements ongoing programmes through the Agricultural Inputs Response Capacity (AIRC) window, as well as early actions triggered by corporate early warnings. From its inception in 2004 through 31 December 2019, SFERA received USD 249 million, of which 210.2 million were allocated as follows: (i) USD 105.3 were allocated to large-scale programmes (e.g. sudden onset disasters, El Niño response, highly pathogenic avian influenza, locust outbreaks, fall armyworm, and protracted crises); (ii) USD 53.5 million were distributed under the AIRC window; (iii) USD 28 million were used to reinforce country office emergency response capacities and support need assessments and programme formulation; (iv) USD 13.7 million were distributed to the Level 3 emergencies preparedness and response window, and (v) USD 9.7 million were contributed to the early action window. Since SFERA’s inception, under its working capital component, USD 412.4 million have been advanced to fund immediate emergency projects, of which USD 21.5 million were advanced over the reporting period. Outstanding advances as at 31 December 2019 amounted to USD 0.3 million. SFERA’s cash balance as at 31 December 2019 was USD 38.6 million.

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