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Tonle sap fisheries: a case study on floodplain gillnet fisheries in Siem Reap, Cambodia









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    Project
    Supporting the National Technical Capacity Building for Developing Shrimp Farming Sector in Cambodia - TCP/CMB/3607 2020
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    Cambodia experienced a decade of rapid economic growth until 2014, putting it among the world‘s fastest-growing economies during this period. It has also been one of the world’s best performing Millennium Development Goal achievers. The country has a rich biodiversity of freshwater and marine resources, with the primary source of fishery production being the wild capture fisheries in the Great Lake, the Mekong, the Tonle Sap and Bassac rivers and their associated floodplains. Cambodia’s coastal zone, located on the south-west edge of the country, extends for 435 km, and includes 85 100 ha of mangrove forests in three provinces: Koh Kong, Preah Sihanouk Ville and Kampot. However, the production from both inland and marine fisheries has rapidly decreased as a result of overfishing, lost fish habitats, the construction of dams for hydropower, the increased use of chemical agriculture activities and the effects of climate change. Aquaculture thus plays an important role in meeting the present and future protein consumption demands of an ever-increasing population, as recognized in Cambodia’s Rectangular Strategy III, the National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018, the Agricultural Sector Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018 and the National Strategic Plan for Aquaculture Development in Cambodia 2014-2030. There is great potential in Cambodia for the continued development of marine aquaculture, above all for shrimp, finfish and crustacean farming in the coastal zone. In order to support the development of shrimp farming, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries requested FAO support to develop the capacities of the newly established Marine Aquaculture Research and Development Centre. The aim of the project was to equip MARDeC technical staff with up-to-date knowledge and practical skills in shrimp farming using innovative biofloc technology, as well as in other good management practices.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Review on the current status of fisheries/aquaculture and policies of Cambodia relevant to RFLP
    Regional Fisheries Livelihoods Programme for South and Southeast Asia. (GCP/RAS/237/SPA)
    2010
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    Cambodia is endowed with rich fisheries resources provided by both the freshwater fisheries of the Mekong and the Tonle Sap river system, and coastal and offshore marine fisheries. The fisheries sector in Cambodia plays a very important role in the national economy, making a significant contribution to employment and livelihoods of the poor, to food security and to GDP. Fisheries production is estimated to be worth around US$ 200-300 million at the point of landing, and the fisheries harvest, pr ocessing and trade contributes 8-12% of GDP. The export value of fish products is estimated to be as high as US$ 100 million annually. Cambodian people and especially the rural poor consume on average 52.4kg of aquatic products per person per year (MRC Technical Paper, number 16, 2007). Cambodia’s fisheries provide full-time, part-time and seasonal employment for up to 6 million people, and the employment provided is especially important in the rural areas where there are few job opportunities. The fisheries sector make a very significantly contribution to domestic food security especially to rural communities, providing 81.5% of the animal protein in the national diet and also providing a critical source of essential vitamins and micro-nutrients. The Royal Government of Cambodia, has recognized how important and crucial the sector is to people's livelihoods, to national well-being and the national economy, and one side of the national Rectangular Strategy is devoted to fisheries refor ms aimed at law enforcement, action plan development and implementation, and strengthening of all the relevant institutions to enable them to achieve national goals for environmental fisheries protection, conservation of bio-diversity, socio-economic development, good governance and poverty alleviation. These goals are clearly stated in the Royal Cambodian Government's political program for the fisheries sector, as well as in the Socio-Economic Development Plan, the Preliminary Strategy of Pover ty Alleviation, and the Good Governance Action Plan. Moreover, the Royal Government of Cambodia’s statement on the national fisheries sector policy was endorsed in 2005 and the Strategic Planning Framework for Fisheries 2010-2019 (SPF) was drafted in 2009, and will be endorsed soon in 2010. In an effort to achieve the above goals, policies and plans, significant time, manpower and funds have been committed by the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) and by bi-lateral and regional Development Partn ers (DP). However, much work and many additional activities remain to be done and these require technical and financial assistance support on a priority basis. It is timely that the Regional Fisheries Livelihoods Program (RFLP) was endorsed to provide support to the Fisheries Administration (FiA), since it will improve fisheries management and livelihoods opportunities in the four coastal provinces of Cambodia. This paper was drafted to provide an overview of the current RGC policies, both withi n the fisheries sector, but also of other sectors which will impact on the ability of RFLP in Cambodia to successfully achieve its five national outputs. Development of co-management mechanisms;  Improved safety at sea and reduced vulnerability;  Improved post-harvest and marketing;  Strengthening of existing livelihoods and livelihood diversification; and  Facilitated access to micro-finance services. In addition the paper provides recommendations on what and how the Regional Fisheries Live lihoods Program (RFLP) can contribute to the implementation and achievement of the national fisheries policies and plans in Cambodia.
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    Meeting
    Report of Entebbe 2016: Advancing a global work programme for rights-based approaches for fisheries
    Entebbe, Uganda, 1 – 4 March 2016
    2016
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    This document is the report of the Global Stakeholders’ workshop Entebbe 2016: Advancing a Global Work Programme for FAO on Tenure and Rights-Based Approaches for Fisheries and was produced with the technical and financial support of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The Global Stakeholders’ Workshop was hosted and organized by the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO), which is an institution of the East African Community. The Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO) of the United Nations provided technical and financial support to Entebbe 2016. The meeting was held at the Imperial Botanical Beach Hotel and Convention Center between the 1st and 4th March 2016 in Entebbe, Uganda. The global workshop followed-up on other events on rights-based approaches for fisheries such as the global forum UserRights 2015 (Siem Reap, Cambodia, March 2015) and the informal think tank Friends of UserRights 2015 (Fiumicino, Italy, October 2015). Next to UserRights 2015 an d Friends of UserRights 2015, Entebbe 2016 took into account the results and information generated by recent consultations supporting the development of the Small-scale Fisheries Guidelines (SSF Guidelines). It specifically addressed issues related to concepts and terminology in fisheries tenure and provided improvements on information and knowledge for improving the global knowledge base on how to improve fisheries tenure on a practical level. The purpose of Entebbe 2016 was to: a) foster a mut ual understanding of the challenges faced by different groups in fisheries communities with regard to rights-based approaches for inland and marine fisheries; b) advance the skeleton global work programme on rights-based approaches in marine and inland fisheries1; and c) review the first part of the document A technical guide to support the implementation of the voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests in the context of national food security. T he knowledge gained at Entebbe 2016 was used to summarize the report.

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