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International trade in fisheries and aquaculture products









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    Book (stand-alone)
    HS Codes for fisheries and aquaculture products
    Harmonized System. Nomenclature 2022
    2023
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    This publication, developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), with the active support of the World Customs Organization (WCO), builds on the Harmonized System: Nomenclature 2022 edition. It presents all possible classifications for fisheries and aquaculture products by species, with a full description of each HS code, to facilitate its use within the fisheries sector, including aquaculture. This publication does not modify the structure of the HS or modify species grouping, as it is an auxiliary tool to facilitate classification and enhance understanding of the HS system from the angle of fisheries and aquaculture products. This publication is divided into three sections: (1) the first section presents all species which are directly referenced in the HS, with commodity codes for all possible classifications of their products and treatments; (2) the second section lists all HS codes for fisheries and aquaculture products with an exhaustive and comprehensive description of each code; and (3) the third section is a new section of the HS Handbook, where photos of the most commercially important species are shown. Each image contains relevant information and singularities of each species – scientific name, FAO names, main characteristics, and distribution.
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    Policy brief
    Trade in fisheries and aquaculture products: a major international commodity
    FAO support to the WTO negotiations at the 12th Ministerial Conference
    2021
    This policy brief provides an overview of the latest statistic data on fisheries and aquaculture production and trade, highlighting the importance of international trade to many countries, particularly developing countries. It is also stressed the rank of fisheries and aquaculture trade in comparison with other animal proteins. Small-scale fisheries are also analyzed, including their singularity and characterization issues.
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    Policy brief
    The importance of international trade for fisheries and aquaculture products 2023
    As a result of economic growth, technological advances and trade liberalization, the integration of the fisheries and aquaculture sector into international markets has brought many benefits. These include a more efficient allocation of resources, a wider choice of products for consumers, improved access to fish and seafood, and greater development opportunities, particularly for the most vulnerable countries and populations. The fisheries and aquaculture industry has grown in recent decades, making aquatic products increasingly important for human livelihoods and subsistence, as well as for nutrition, providing protein and macronutrients. Since the 1960s, per capita consumption of edible fish has increased from 9.0 kg in 1961 to 20.2 kg in 2020. Today, fisheries and aquaculture products are among the most widely traded food commodities in the world, contributing significantly to economic growth in several developing countries, providing economic opportunities and a source of export earnings. Total production of aquatic products has increased significantly from 71.9 million tonnes (live weight equivalent) in 1990 to 185.5 million tonnes in 2023, and global exports of aquatic products have increased from 21 million tonnes to 68 million tonnes (projected). In 2022, trade in fisheries and aquaculture products will account for approximately 1 percent of global trade, valued at USD 190 billion, making it one of the most extensively traded commodities in the world. This policy brief discusses the importance of fisheries and aquaculture, provides an overview of key statistics on fisheries and aquaculture products, including on production and trade, and assesses the importance of small-scale fisheries.

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