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Livestock and Agroecology

How they can support the transition towards sustainable food and agriculture










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    Book (stand-alone)
    How can the farmer field school approach be used to support agroecological transitions in family farming in the Global South?
    Recommendations for farmer field school facilitators, agricultural development project designers and managers
    2022
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    The key to implementing farmer field schools (FFS) is to trigger an experimentation process based on collaboration between a group of farmers and a facilitator. The purpose of this document is to provide project managers, technicians and designers with practical information on how to use the FFS approach and adapt it to their context of intervention to support the agroecological transition (AET). It also will be useful for research staff, leaders of farmers' organizations (FOs), teachers and students interested in using the FFS approach or better understand its benefits. The findings and recommendations proposed in this document are the result of a partnership between three institutions working to support AET in the Global South: CIRAD, FAO and the NGO AVSF (Agronomists and Veterinarians Without Borders). This document has four parts: - Definition of the FFS approach and its principles, and characterization of the advantages of this approach to supporting family farm AET in the Global South, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. - Presentation of several important points for a successful FFS, i.e. to strengthen farmers' skills to practically and collectively solve the problems they encounter. This second part is aimed specifically at development project managers and field technicians and facilitators. - Recommendations for project designers and managers for including FFS in development projects. - Proposal of ways in which FSS could evolve to better take into account the needs of farmers and other actors engaged in AET.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Methodological recommendations to better evaluate the effects of farmer field schools mobilized to support agroecological transitions 2022
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    The farmer field school (FFS) approach, based on group experimentation of innovative practices and/or farming systems, is in line with participatory farm advisory efforts. This approach has an ambitious goal: strengthening farmers’ skills so that they can adapt their practices, or even invent new ones, and move towards more agroecological farming systems. Assessing such an advisory intervention poses significant challenges. The purpose of this document is to propose fresh ways to update FFS assessment methods, notably the study of changes in farming practices and the detailed analysis of FFS outcomes. Project designers, managers, and evaluators are the target audience for this document, which may also interest teachers, researchers, students, and policymakers. The elements of the FFS assessment methodology presented here stem from the collaboration between three institutions, CIRAD, FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), and the NGO AVSF (Agronomists and Veterinarians Without Borders), and fieldwork carried out in cotton-growing areas of Burkina Faso and Togo between 2018 and 2019. This document is divided into four parts. We first define FSS and the principles of the approach, then we detail the methods commonly used to assess FSS and the challenges involved. We then present a comprehensive assessment method using a case study in northern Togo. The final part of the report provides a basis for placing the proposed method within the process of designing an assessment for a project involving FSS.
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    Booklet
    Harnessing the potential of the 10 Elements of Agroecology to facilitate agrifood systems transformation
    From visual narratives to integrated policy design
    2023
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    Visual narratives using the 10 Elements of Agroecology can guide the holistic visioning needed to better understand transformative change and plausible transitions towards sustainable agriculture and food systems. By sharing similar underlying storylines, assumptions and responses to drivers of change, visual narratives may foster the convergence of transitions into typologies that can facilitate the design of response options to face complex sustainability challenges. This policy paper outlines how nexus analyses and visual narratives using the 10 Elements of Agroecology provide a framework for policymakers and stakeholders, including producers and their organizations, researchers, civil society and the private sector, to identify key entry points and plausible trajectories of change for agricultural and food systems transformation. By revealing interdependencies, synergies and trade-offs, visual narratives can facilitate the design of integrated and transformative policy packages. This document aims to provide policymakers and stakeholders with guidance and illustrative examples to identify, co-design and combine the most effective policies to unlock transformation in the socio-ecological and political contexts in which they are operating. Nevertheless, it does not intend to be prescriptive and should be tailored to specific circumstances, national legislation and the unique needs of each food system, following the best judgement of each policymaker and stakeholder involved.

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