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Assessment of the Nigerian poultry market chain to improve biosecurity

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    Document
    Zoonotic Disease Risks and Socioeconomic Structure of Industrial Poultry Production: Review of the US Experience with Contract Growing
    Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative: A Living from Livestock
    2008
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    The US model of food animal production, characterized by its industrial scale and organization, is currently expanding globally and supplanting traditional methods and organization of animal husbandry. These changes have multiple impacts, which include implications for control of zoonotic disease risks for both animal and human populations. The industrialization of poultry production into confined operations is viewed by some policy-makers as a way to reduce human health risks at this critical animal:human interface. Yet recent outbreaks of HPAI (highly pathogenic avian influenza) in poultry in the UK, the Netherlands, Canada and China, as well as little-publicized outbreaks of LPAI (low pathogenic avian influenza) the United States (US) in 2007 and 2008, provide evidence that these risks are not prevented by standard biosecurity and biocontainment practices. Large poultry operations, while confined, are not inherently bio-secure or bio-contained. Furthermore, the lack of adequate management of animal wastes and the transport of these and other byproduct materials over long distances may provide a major route of pathogen release and transfer.
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    Policy brief
    Business models along the poultry value chain in Kenya
    Evidence from Kiambu and Nairobi City Counties
    2022
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    This study characterizes the business model and the enterprise budget of farmers, traders, processors and retailers along the poultry value chain in Kiambu and Nairobi City Country. Results show that all poultry businesses are profitable and avail resources to start adopting biosecurity practices that minimize the introduction and spread of pathogens in animals. However, while producers have some incentives to adopt biosecurity practices, as avoiding and controlling diseases is essential for their profitability, traders, processors and retailers have little if any incentives to adopt biosecurity practices as they keep birds or poultry meat only for a limited period of time and the market for poultry products do not differentiate between safe and unsafe products. It is essential that animal health services systematically provide services beyond the farm gate to minimize the public health risks along the poultry value chain.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Evidence-based risk management along the livestock production and market chain: Cambodia 2019
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    Since Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 was first reported in Cambodia in 2004, outbreaks have repeatedly occurred. Takeo Live Bird Market (LBM) is one of the largest in the country and its poultry value chain connects throughout Cambodia. Moreover, the intensive cross-border movements of people, poultry and poultry products makes Takeo province a high-risk area where HPAI and Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (LPAI) can easily spread from neighbouring areas. The prolific works of the Pasteur Institute of Cambodia (PIC) and the National Animal Health and Production Research Institute (NAHPRI) have shown that circulation of avian influenza (AI) viruses in the LBM can put poultry and stakeholders at risk of infection. By improving biosecurity and hygiene practices in the sale and slaughter of poultry in live bird markets, the project Evidence Based Risk Management Along the Livestock Production and Market Chain greatly contributes to reduce the circulation of AI viruses and lower the risk of disease transmission. The project is supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). The provincial local government in Takeo and the Office of Animal Health and Production (OAHP), market poultry traders, sellers and slaughterers are working together in a multi-stakeholder approach to improve the safety of LBM especially the practices of poultry sale and slaughter with guidance from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the Cambodian General Directorate of Animal Health and Production (GDAHP).

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