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Improving Food Security in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - TCP/DRK/3504









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    FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 2013
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    The FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission (CFSAM) visited the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) at the request of the Government, from 27 September to 11 October 2013 to assess the 2013 main crop harvest, forecast the 2014 production of winter and spring crops, estimate cereal import requirements for the 2013/14 marketing year (November/October), and assess the household food security and nutrition situation.
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    Seed Potato Multiplication to Improve Food Security of The People of Paekam County, Ryanggang Province, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - TCP/DRK/3701 2021
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    Ryanggang Province is one of the least developed regions in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea While food security remains a major concern throughout the country, it is particularly challenging in the northern uplands of Ryanggang Province because of the low agricultural productivity and increased vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change Moreover, the region is facing problems associated with degenerated varieties of potato and fruit trees, degenerated livestock breeds, post harvest losses and a lack of farm equipment and machinery Low agricultural production and productivity affect the supply of food for the public distribution system, and ultimately, the nutritional status of the population According to the 2012 Nutrition Survey, chronic malnutrition ranges from 33 to 39 percent in the northern provinces of the country A major constraint to increasing the productivity of potato crops in Ryanggang Province is the availability of good quality, disease free, high yielding seed varieties When seed potatoes are multiplied conventionally using tubers, new varieties become rapidly degenerated as a result of the progressive accumulation of viruses and pathogens over several cycles of asexual reproduction Additionally, the large scale import of seed potatoes in the late 1990 s to manage the outbreak of late blight introduced new diseases into the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, including 8 of the 22 known virus and virus like potato diseases The implications of potato disease for food security are substantial, as viral infection has the potential to reduce yields by up to 80 percent.
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    Strengthening Household Food Security Stressed by Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic Containment Measures in DPR Korea - TCP/DRK/3804 2023
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    The COVID-19 outbreak added uncertainty and vulnerability to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK)’s already fragile food security. In addition to recurring droughts and floods, it created a new, unprecedented stress, disrupting economic and livelihood activities critical to the food supply chain's sustainability. With an estimated milled food deficit of 374 246 tonnes in 2020, anticipated disruptions in the agricultural supply chain caused by anti-epidemic measures such as border closures, quarantines and restrictions on the movement of people and cargo, had the potential to significantly worsen the cropping season and, as a result, disrupt food systems. The Government of the DPRK took early measures to prevent the disease from spreading within the country, closing its border and suspending transport and economic links with China, which accounts for three-quarters of the country’s external trade. In light of new local outbreaks in China, the reopening of the border with China remained uncertain, impeding timely importation of seeds and fertilizer, thereby jeopardizing the planting season. In this context, FAO assisted the Government in helping farmers and vulnerable farming communities to reinforce their resilience to the disruptive effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, with an emphasis on promoting food safety and increasing crop and livestock production.

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