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Calibration and validation techniques development for forest utilization of agroforestry satellite data

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022










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    A study on tree species and crops of agroforestry according to ecological geographic map in North Korea
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    This study was conducted to analyze the appropriate tree species and crops according to agroforestry target sites in North Korea based on ecological geography and site properties with the purpose of preparation of technical cooperation on agroforestry, one of the main agendas of the Inter-Korean Forest Cooperation Subcommittee. The agroforestry is one of the methods for forest restoration that satisfies both North Korea's fuel and food shortages and the restoration of deforested land and it began in 2003. To this end, the ecological geographic map (13 regions and 4 zones) of North Korea was made by using satellite images with North Korean journals. The target sites for agroforestry was classified according to 18 site conditions depending on 3 site characteristics (soil depth, relative location, slope), and divided as short-term and long-term target sites depend on agroforestry management period. And then, appropriate tree species and crops for agroforestry are selected according to them. By regions within the same zone, tree species and crops were mostly similar, but compared to each zone, they differed. This seems to be because the geographical climatic characteristics reflected in the ecological geographic map vary greatly from zone to zone. Through this, it is expected to provide information that can be more efficiently implemented through analysis of the target sites needed for application of agroforestry and needed for application of agroforestry management and the combination of suitable species and crops. Keywords: Deforestation and forest degradation, Research, Policies ID: 3623065
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    Mapping coastal aquaculture and fisheries structures by satellite imaging radar
    Case study of the Lingayen Gulf, the Philippines
    2004
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    Inventory and monitoring of coastal aquaculture and fisheries structures provide important baseline data for decision-making in planning and development, including regulatory laws, environmental protection and revenue collection. Mapping these structures can be performed with good accuracy and at regular intervals by satellite remote sensing, which allows observation of vast areas, often of difficult accessibility, at a fraction of the cost of traditional surveys. Satellite imaging r adar (SAR) data are unique for this task not only for their inherent all-weather capabilities, very important as aquaculture activities mainly occur in tropical and subtropical areas, but essentially because the backscatter from the structure components allows for their identification and separation from other features. The area selected and object of the study has been Lingayen Gulf, sited in Northwestern Luzon Island, the Philippines, where all these structures of interest occur. F ield verification of the methodology resulted in the following accuracy: fishponds 95 percent, fish pens 100 percent. Mapping accuracy for fish cages was estimated at 90 percent and for fish traps at 70 percent. The study is based on interpretation of SAR satellite data and a detailed image analysis procedure is described. The report aims at the necessary technology transfer for an operational use of the approach indicated in other similar environments.
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    Analyzing the occurrence trend of sediment-related disasters and post-disaster recovery cases in mountain regions in North Korea based on a literature review and satellite image observations
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    This study investigated spatiotemporal trends of sediment-related disasters in North Korea from 1960 to 2019 and post-disaster recovery cases based on a literature review and satellite images. Results showed that occurrence status of sediment-related disasters was initially externally reported in 1995 (during the Kim Jongil era); their main triggering factor was heavy summer rainfall. Furthermore, forest degradation rate was positively correlated with population density (R2 = 0.4347, p = 0.02) and occurrence number of sediment-related disasters was relatively high on the west coast region, where both variables showed high values. This indicates that human activity was a major cause of forest degradation and thus, significantly affected sediment-related disasters in mountain regions. Finally, sediment- related disasters due to shallow landslides, debris flow, and slow-moving landslides were observed in undisturbed forest regions and human-impacted forest regions, including terraced fields, opencast mines, forest roads, and post-wildfire areas, via satellite image analysis. These disaster-hit areas remained mostly abandoned without any recovery works, whereas hillside erosion control work (e.g., treeplanting with terracing) or torrent erosion control work (e.g., check dam, debris flow guide bank) were implemented in certain areas. These findings can provide reference information to expand inter-Korean exchange and cooperation in forest rehabilitation and erosion control works of North Korea. Keywords: Climate change, Deforestation and forest degradation, Sustainable forest management, Monitoring and data collection, Research ID: 3616353

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