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Understanding Vulnerability to Food Insecurity Lessons from Vulnerable Livelihood Profiling








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    Food insecurity and vulnerability in Nepal: Profiles of seven vulnerable groups 2004
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    This report documents the main findings of vulnerable group profiling work in Nepal. It identifies the characteristics and investigates the vulnerability for seven particular livelihood groups, notably marginal farm households in the Terai, in the hills and in the mountains, agricultural labour households in the Terai, porters in the hills and mountains, rural service castes, and poor urban workers in the informal economy in the Kathmandu Valley. Based on this analysis, it considers how these pe ople cope during times of insufficient food production and/or earnings, and proposes actions that could be taken to reduce their vulnerability to becoming food insecure in the future. Most of the research on poverty in Nepal during the past decades has focused exclusively on determining the poverty line and calculating the proportion of people living under this line, rather than unmasking the characteristics, particularly the locational aspects, of poverty other than the rural and urban distribu tion (Sadeque, 1998). This report therefore contributes to new knowledge by identifying and characterising particular vulnerable groups of people in broad geographic areas based on their livelihoods. The knowledge and insights gained through this process is intended to complement existing assessments at the household/community and national level, and to help bridge the gap between local knowledge and national level decision-making. It is hoped that this study will draw attention to the need for greater policy and programme support to food security in Nepal. In this context, the findings could inform the design of a food security policy (as recommended in the UN progress report on implementation of the Millennium Development Goals in Nepal), as well as the development and strengthening of other policies and programmes that reduce vulnerability and increase food security for a larger share of the population in the country. In particular, it could be useful in supporting implementation of the Government’s recently formulated Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) which received cabinet endorsement in May 2003.
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    FOCUS ON FOOD INSECURITY AND VULNERABILITY
    A review of the UN System Common Country Assessments and World Bank Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers
    2003
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    At the request of the FIVIMS secretariat at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), a review of 50 Common Country Assessment (CCA) reports and 25 Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), covering regions and countries with widely differing development status, was carried out as part of a FIVIMS/CCA integration project. The two major objectives of this review study were to assess the extent to which food insecurity and vulnerability problems are analysed and incorporated into policies, strategies and interventions, and to identify clear areas for improvement. The study was performed by an interdisciplinary team of scientists from the Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), The Netherlands.
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    The gender-differentiated impacts of multiple crises
    Findings from the governorates of Abyan and Lahj in Yemen
    2023
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    This assessment is the result of a collaboration between the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and CARE commissioned with the intent of exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on gender equality and food security in Yemen using CARE's Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) Toolkit. The collaboration builds on an innovative partnership established in 2020 between FAO, the World Food Programme (WFP) and CARE to understand the gender-differentiated impacts of COVID-19 on livelihood and food security in the Arab region, with a focus on cases in Iraq and the Sudan. With the passage of time, and due to the particularly complex situation brought on by the numerous crises affecting Yemen (armed conflict, natural disasters and an economic crisis), the study provided the opportunity to reflect on how overlapping and multiple crises generate gender-differentiated impacts on livelihood opportunities, employment, food security and protection risks. While the study methodology originally focused on the impact of COVID-19, the analysis of primary and secondary data provided an opportunity to investigate the connection between different vulnerability multipliers, particularly the ongoing conflict.

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