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Mali | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











​FAO. 2020. Mali | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome.



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    Chad | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    In Chad, recurrent climatic shocks and conflict are exacerbating people’s food insecurity, particularly in the Lake Chad Basin, where there are nearly 300 000 displaced people. In addition, the country hosts a large number of refugees from the Central African Republic and the Sudan. Despite good cereal production from the 2019/20 agricultural season, a 42-percent fodder deficit was registered in the Sahel region, significantly affecting feed availability for pastoralists’ during the dry season. Furthermore, drought, irregular rainfall and increased insecurity are preventing herders from access grazing land. Livestock mortality rates have al o been increasing during this year’s pastoral lean season. Following confirmed COVID-19 cases, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health-related mitigation measures, including the lockdown of all the main cities, movement restrictions and border closures. These are indirectly affecting the supply chain, limiting imports and disrupting markets, which is adding pressure on conflict-affected areas – Lake Chad Basin and Tibesti – where 40 percent of the population is experiencing difficulties in accessing markets. In addition, the prices of millet – one of Chad’s most important subsistence crops – has sharply increased, by 37 percent between April 2019 and April 2020. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Togo | Humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Following the first confirmed COVID-19 cases in Togo in March 2020, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential containment measures, to slow the spread of the virus, such as the closure of all land borders. In mid-June, the Government started easing these measures, including the lifting of the curfew, and reopening cities and schools. In June 2020, the impact of containment measures on market functionality and food availability was limited, and most agropastoral markets remained accessible. While the COVID-19 pandemic has had relatively limited effects on crop production, market prices and food availability, the livestock sector, labour market and incomes have been more significantly affected by the essential health-related containment measures and subsequent economic slowdown. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Liberia | Humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Following the first cases of COVID-19 in Liberia, the Government progressively put in place a series of urgent and essential measures to mitigate the spread of the pandemic, including the closure of schools, businesses and borders (both internal and with other countries), and movement restrictions for people and the transportation of goods. While critical, these measures have had indirect negative impacts. Although certain exemptions were made in May regarding measures linked to production, distribution and marketing of food, medicine, essential staff and fuel stations, overall the agriculture sector has been significantly affected. Land preparation and planting of rice (during April–June) require labour and access to inputs, which were both affected by the containment measures. Moreover, scarcity of seeds, fertilizers and machinery in several counties have delayed planting and will likely affect production. To overcome these shortages, many farmers managed to cross borders, but with the risk of higher exposure to the virus. In the framework of the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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