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Chestnut blight









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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Şabalıd quruması 2024
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    Bu nəşrin məqsədi şabalıd yanıqları, onun simptomları, Azərbaycanda tarixi yayılması və mövcud nəzarət mexanizmləri ilə bağlı nəzərdə tutulan auditoriyaya əhəmiyyətli məlumat verməkdir. Nəşrdən texniki məlumat kitabçası, faktiki ehtiyac duyulan sözügedən şabalıq xəstəliyi haqqında biliyin ötürülməsi kimi istifade edilməsi nəzərdə tutulmuşdur. Məlumat kitabçası uzun ömürlü olması, daha çox texniki ekspertlərin, fermerlərin və bu sahədə çalışan hər bir kəsə dəstək olması gözlənilir.
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    Book (series)
    Unasylva - Vol. 3, No. 1
    A Review of Forestry and Forest Products, January-February 1949
    1949
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    UNASYLVA is prepared by the Division of Forestry and Forest Products and published by the Information Division of FAO at the Organization's temporary headquarters in Washington, D. C. It is printed in Baltimore, Maryland, U. S. A. UNASYLVA is published in English, French, and Spanish. UNASYLVA may be obtained from the following gales agents: Australia: H. A. Goddard Pty. Ltd., Sydney; Canada: The Ryerson Press, Toronto 2; Czechoslovakia: F. Topic, Prague 1; Denmark: Ejnar Munksgaard, Copenhagen; Finland: Akateeminen Kirjakauppa, Helsinki; France: Les Editions A. Pedone, Paris 5e; Latin America: International Documents Service, Columbia University Press, New York 27; Netherlands: N. V. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague; Switzerland: Librarie Payot, S.A., Lausanne, and Hans Raunhardt, Zurich 1; United Kingdom: H. M. Stationery Office, London W.1; United States: International Documents Service, Columbia University Press, New York 27, and United Nations Bookstores, Lake Success, New York. Requests from countries where sales agents have not yet been appointed may be sent to: FAO Documents Sales Service, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Washington 6, D. C., U. S. A. Annual subscription, $3.50; single copy, 65 cents.This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.
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    Improving biosecurity through prudent and responsible use of veterinary medicines in aquatic food production 2012
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    The current trend towards increasing intensification and diversification of global aquaculture has lead to its dramatic growth, thus making aquaculture an important food-producing sector that provides an essential source of aquatic protein for a growing human population. For both developed and developing countries, the sector is recognized as creator of jobs and an important source of foreign export earnings. The expansion of commercial aquaculture, as is the case in commercial livestock and pou ltry production, has necessitated the routine use of veterinary medicines to prevent and treat disease outbreaks due to pathogens, assure healthy stocks and maximize production. The expanded and occasionally irresponsible global movements of live aquatic animals have been accompanied by the transboundary spread of a wide variety of pathogens that have sometimes caused serious damage to aquatic food productivity and resulted in serious pathogens becoming endemic in culture systems and the natura l aquatic environment. The use of appropriate antimicrobial treatments is one of the most effective management responses to emergencies associated with infectious disease epizootics. However, their inappropriate use can lead to problems related to increased frequency of bacterial resistance and the potential transfer of resistance genes in bacteria from the aquatic environment to other bacteria. Injudicious use of antimicrobials has also resulted in the occurrence of their residues in aquacultur e products, and as a consequence, bans by importing countries and associated economic impacts, including market loss have occurred. Since disease emergencies can happen even in well-managed aquaculture operations, careful planning on the use antimicrobials is essential in order to maximize their efficacy and minimize the selection pressure for increased frequencies of resistant variants. The prudent and responsible use of veterinary medicines is an essential component of successful commercial aq uaculture production systems. The FAO/AAHRI Expert Workshop on Improving Biosecurity through Prudent and Responsible Use of Veterinary Medicines in Aquatic Food Production was convened in Bangkok, Thailand from 15 to 18 December 2009, in order to understand the current status of the use of antimicrobials in aquaculture and to discuss the concerns and impacts of their irresponsible use on human health, the aquatic environment and trade. Such discussions became the basis for drafting recommenda tions targeted to the state and private sectors and for developing guiding principles on the responsible use of antimicrobials in aquaculture that will be part of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries Technical Guidelines on Prudent and Responsible Use of Veterinary Medicines in Aquaculture. Since aquaculture is expected to continue to increase its contribution to the world¿s production of aquatic food, offer opportunities to alleviate poverty, increase employment and community de velopment and reduce overexploitation of natural aquatic resources, appropriate guidance to aquaculture stakeholders on the responsible use of veterinary medicines has become essential. Safe and effective veterinary medicines need to be available for efficient aquaculture production, and their use should be in line with established principles on prudent use to safeguard public and animal health. The use of such medicines should be part of national and on-farm biosecurity plans and in accordance with an overall national policy for sustainable aquaculture. This publication is presented in two parts: Part 1 contains 15 technical background papers presented during the expert workshop, contributed by 28 specialists and which served as a basis for the expert workshop deliberations; Part 2 contains the highlights of the expert workshop.

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