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Manual on agricultural price Index numbers











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    Book (series)
    Farm and input prices: Collection and compilation 1980
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    Action at the national and international levels was recommended at various FAO meetings and seminars for the improvement of national statistics on agricultural producer prices. The preparation by FAO of a manual on prices paid and prices received by farmers has been repeatedly recommended. This provisional manual has been prepared in response to these recommendations. The main objective of the manual is to assist countries in the improvement of their price statistics including its use in the training of national staff in the collection and compilation of agricultural producer prices. It is hoped that this manual will contribute to promoting the compilation of data on agricultural producer prices and to the improvement of their quality. The details of the treatment given to the subject matter, and the descriptive style employed, have been deliberately chosen so as to make the manual of particular use to developing countries.
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    Article
    Using Standardized Time Series Land Cover Maps to Monitor the SDG Indicator “Mountain Green Cover Index” and Assess Its Sensitivity to Vegetation Dynamics 2021
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    SDG indicators are instrumental for the monitoring of countries’ progress towards sustainability goals as set out by the UN Agenda 2030. Earth observation data can facilitate such monitoring and reporting processes, thanks to their intrinsic characteristics of spatial extensive coverage, high spatial, spectral, and temporal resolution, and low costs. EO data can hence be used to regularly assess specific SDG indicators over very large areas, and to extract statistics at any given subnational level. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is the custodian agency for 21 out of the 231 SDG indicators. To fulfill this responsibility, it has invested in EO data from the outset, among others, by developing a new SDG indicator directly monitored with EO data: SDG indicator 15.4.2, the Mountain Green Cover Index (MGCI), for which the FAO produced initial baseline estimates in 2017. The MGCI is a very important indicator, allowing the monitoring of the health of mountain ecosystems. The initial FAO methodology involved visual interpretation of land cover types at sample locations defined by a global regular grid that was superimposed on satellite images. While this solution allowed the FAO to establish a first global MGCI baseline and produce MGCI estimates for the large majority of countries, several reporting countries raised concerns regarding: (i) the objectivity of the method; (ii) the difficulty in validating FAO estimates; (iii) the limited involvement of countries in estimating the MGCI; and (iv) the indicator’s limited capacity to account for forest encroachment due to agricultural expansion as well as the undesired expansion of green vegetation in mountain areas, resulting from the effect of global warming. To address such concerns, in 2020, the FAO introduced a new data collection approach that directly measures the indicator through a quantitative analysis of standardized land cover maps (European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative Land Cover maps—ESA CCI-LC). In so doing, this new approach addresses the first three of the four issues, while it also provides stronger grounds to develop a solution for the fourth issue—a solution that the FAO plans to present to the Interagency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDG) at its autumn 2021 session.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Measuring What Matters: 10 Years of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index, why has it mattered, and what’s next? 2022
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    Women are key to agricultural transformation in developing countries, but various obstacles and economic constraints limit their contributions to their households and communities. The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) is an innovative tool that seeks to identify such obstacles and may be used to track gender equality and measure empowerment, agency, and women’s inclusion in the agricultural sector. The WEAI comprises two sub-indices: one measures women’s empowerment across five domains in agriculture and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This tool also measures women’s empowerment relative to men within their households. The WEAI was launched in 2012 at the 56th UN Commission on the Status of Women. Over 230 organizations have used it across 58 countries to track progress toward women’s empowerment and gender equality in agriculture. Ten years since its launch, diverse partners, including governments, have taken the lead in capturing data on women’s empowerment using WEAI-based metrics. This side event will provide an opportunity to discuss country experiences in using the WEAI and reflect on its impact on measuring and tracking gender equity and equality. The discussion will also identify policy-relevant and actionable WEAI-based insights that countries and partners would like to see for the Women’s Empowerment Metric for National Statistical Systems (WEMNS) and present a vision for the next ten years of WEAI.

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