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渔业委员会 第三十届会议报告

2012 年7 月9 13,罗马











Chinese version of: FAO. Report of the thirtieth session of the Committee on Fisheries. Rome, 9-13 July 2012. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report. No. 1012. Rome, FAO. 2012. 65 pp.



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    Book (series)
    Report of the thirtieth session of the Committee on Fisheries
    Rome, 9-13 July 2012.
    2012
    The thirtieth session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) was held in Rome, Italy, from 9 to 13 July 2012. The Committee reviewed the issues of an international character and the FAO programme in fisheries and aquaculture, and their implementation. The Committee, while stressing the high value of the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture as a flagship publication, recommended that FAO should provide more support to countries in data collection and quality control, as well as consider a si mpler classification of stock status. The Committee expressed strong support for the standards and norms of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and its related instruments and agreed on further effort to facilitate their accessibility and more effective implementation. The Committee agreed on the development of best practice guidelines for traceability. The Committee reiterated its support to FAO’s collaboration with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and the World Trade Organization. The Committee reiterated the request for additional assistance for aquaculture development in Africa and Small Island Developing States. The Committee requested FAO to develop a conformity assessment framework for aquaculture certification guidelines as well as a draft strategy paper including a long-term strategic plan for the Sub-Committee on Aquaculture and emphasized the specific needs for future work. The Committee urged FAO to reinforce it s emphasis on fish as food, ensure that these aspects were not lost in the global and regional frameworks for ocean conservation and management, and assert its leading role in fisheries and aquaculture in ocean governance. The Committee requested FAO to address the issue of hydrocarbon deposits in the oceans and assess possible threats arising from their development. The Committee called for continuous consultation with all stakeholders in the development of the International Guidelines for Secu ring Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries and agreed on the need to develop implementation strategies for the Guidelines. The Committee agreed that illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing continues to be a persistent and pressing problem adversely impacting on sustainable fisheries and food security. The Committee endorsed the terms of reference for the Ad hoc Working Group for the 2009 FAO Agreement on Port State Measures. The Committee requested to convene the second resumed session of the te chnical consultation on the draft Criteria for Flag State Performance. The Committee reiterated its support for the Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels. The Committee agreed that FAO should focus on challenges relevant to its core mandate and must join efforts with partners in better coordination and urged FAO to ensure that fisheries and aquaculture priorities were reflected under the Strategic Objectives. The Committee adopted the revised Rules o f Procedure and endorsed the related changes in current practice. The Committee also approved the Multiyear Programme of Work (MYPOW) 2012–2015.
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    Book (series)
    Report of the twenty-ninth session of the Committee on Fisheries. Rome, 31 January - 4 February 2011. 2011
    The twenty-ninth session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) was held in Rome, Italy, from 31 January to 4 February 2011. The Committee reviewed issues of an international character and the FAO programme of work in fisheries and aquaculture. The Committee agreed that additional efforts were required to broaden and intensify the implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and related instruments. The Committee adopted the Guidelines for the Ecolabelling of Fish and Fishery Products from Inland Capture Fisheries and recommended that FAO develop an Evaluation Framework to Assess the Conformity of Public and Private Ecolabelling Schemes with the relevant FAO Guidelines. The Committee approved the FAO Technical Guidelines on Aquaculture Certification and recommended that FAO develop an evaluation framework to assess the conformity of public and private certification schemes with the Guidelines. The Committee agreed that port State measures were a p otent and cost-effective tool to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and recognized the critical role of capacity development. The Committee reiterated its support for the Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels as one of the useful tools to combat IUU. The Committee noted FAO¿s roadmap for fisheries, aquaculture and climate change. The Committee supported FAO¿s role and effort to improve the integration of fisheries and aquaculture development and management, biodiversity conservation and environmental protection and reaffirmed FAO as the primary source of scientific expertise and advice regarding global issues on fisheries and aquaculture. The Committee endorsed the International Guidelines on Bycatch Management and Reduction of Discards. The Committee approved the development of a new international instrument on small-scale fisheries in the form of international guidelines. The Committee also agre ed to the establishment and implementation of a global assistance programme. The Committee expressed its support for the Organization-wide reforms, including the new Strategic Framework and agreed with the proposed priorities, including areas for emphasis and de-emphasis, while it took note of some conflicting views regarding these priorities.
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    Meeting
    Report of the Fourteenth Session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission 2010
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    The 14th Session of the Indian Ocean Tu Commission (IOTC) was held in Busan, Republic of Korea, from 1 to 5 March 2010. Representatives of 19 Members of the Commission, two Cooperating non-Contracting Parties, FAO, eight Observers and invited experts attended the Session. In response to concerns about the status of the stocks, the Commission adopted a conservation and magement action by which a time-area closure is established for purse-seine and longline fisheries, and a plan of action is start ed that will lead to the adoption of a quota or other appropriate conservation measure by 2012. The plan of action includes a feasibility study on improving data collection from artisal fisheries, and an inter-sessiol technical meeting to adopt recommendations on allocation criteria for a quota system. Magement advice is to be supplied by the Scientific Committee in a way that allows magers to assess the risks and benefits of different magement actions. The Commission also adopted a binding reso lution establishing a Port State measure, with provisions almost identical to the global Port State Agreement recently adopted by the FAO Council. The Commission also agreed to establish a mechanism for applying market-related measures against Parties that have engaged in activities undermining the objectives of the Commission. The issue of lack of compliance by Members, identified in the past as one of the major problems for IOTC, was addressed by the strengthening of the Compliance Committee, who will focus on the performance of individual Members, allowing it to identify Parties that are deficient in the implementation of IOTC resolutions. The Compliance Committee will have extended meetings to accommodate the additiol workload starting at its next Session. Combating illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing continued with a detailed review of several incidents of IUU involving vessels from member states, which resulted in new vessels being listed under the IUU list. The Com mission also adopted a measure that, for the first time among tu RFMOs, protects all shark species in the family Alopiidae, by notably by the retention onboard and prohibiting the commercialization of these vulnerable species. The Commission agreed to the creation of a special Fund to support the participation of representatives from developing states in meetings of the Commission or its subsidiary bodies. Accumulated savings from previous years are to be used as seed funding for this purpose, a s well as to start the execution of sampling programmes in artisal fisheries, as requested in the Regiol Observer Scheme adopted in 2009. The Commission reiterated its deep concerns and desire to see the end of the ongoing issue of piracy off the coast of Somalia. The Commission approved the 2010/11 Program of Work and Budget of the Secretariat, and the schedule of contributions. The Commission renewed the status of Cooperating non-Contracting Party of Senegal, South Africa and Uruguay, and, for the first time, granted the status to Maldives. The following measures were adopted by the Commission: - Resolution 10/01 For the conservation and magement of tropical tus stocks in the IOTC area of Competence - Resolution 10/02 On mandatory statistical requirements for IOTC Members and Cooperating non-Contracting Parties (CPCs) - Resolution 10/03 Concerning the recording of catch by fishing vessels in the IOTC area - Resolution 10/04 On a Regiol Observer Scheme - Resolution 10/05 On the Establ ishment of a Meeting Participation Fund for Developing IOTC Members and non-Contracting Cooperating Parties (CPCs) - Resolution 10/06 On reducing the incidental bycatch of seabirds in longline fisheries - Resolution 10/07 Concerning a record of licensed foreign vessels fishing for tus and swordfish in the IOTC area - Resolution 10/08 Concerning a record of active foreign vessels fishing for tus and swordfish in the IOTC area - Resolution 10/09 Concerning the functions of the Compliance Committee - Resolution 10/10 Concerning Market Related Measures - Resolution 10/11 On port state measures to prevent, deter and elimite illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing - Resolution 10/12 On the conservation of thresher sharks (family Alopiidae) caught in association with fisheries in the IOTC area of competence - Recommendation 10/13 On the implementation of a ban on discards of skipjack tu, yellowfin tu, bigeye tu, and non-targeted species caught by purse-seiners

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