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EU Transversal support to country implementation - The Sudan

Promoting the Provision of Legitimate Land Tenure Rights Using VGGT in the Context of National Food Security for conflict-displaced communities, including small‐scale rural farmers, pastoralists, and IDPs in the Greater Darfur region of the Sudan











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    Project
    Strengthening non-State Mechanisms for Land Tenure in Darfur to Achieve Peaceful and Sustainable Development - GCP/SUD/074/EC 2022
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    Land ownership and rights to tenure and utilization of resources have been at the core of conflict in Darfur for decades. The formalization of the land laws in the 1970s, in which all unregistered land became the property of the state, ignored the traditional systems in place for centuries and weakened the native administration that governed land use. The violent conflict that arose in 2003 displaced a large number of rural communities and the newly vacated land was often occupied, and in places resettled, by nomadic groups. The subsequent peace deals, both the Darfur Peace Agreement and the subsequent Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, recognized the importance of not only returning the land to the original owners, but of developing a system of land tenure that secures the land use for future generations in an equitable manner. Such a system should acknowledge and incorporate the informal traditions within the formal registration system. Against this background, this European Union funded FAO project aimed to strengthen non state mechanisms for land tenure to achieve peaceful and sustainable development, and to support the Government of Sudan to reform its land laws to develop practical solutions to secure access to crop land and livestock routes, among others.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    EU Transversal support to country implementation - The Niger 2019
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    Population in the Niger lives mainly in rural areas and access to natural resources is their primary source of food and income. Recurring droughts and demographic pressure contributed to an increase in both frequency and intensity of conflicts between rural population, especially farmers and pastoralists. The legislative and regulatory framework is based on the current system of land and natural resource management, which integrates both customary and written law. The objective of the EULGP CI* is to contribute to secure pastoral land systems in the Niger by improving the recognition and taking into account livestock owners' land rights, securing the areas and resources reserved for livestock farming, preventing conflict related to the use of pastoral resources and strengthening the capacity of actions of the structures of the Code Rural in the domain of pastoral land and the development of Land Use Planning. *EULGP CI stands for European Union Land Governance Programme – Country Implementation
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    Emergency Assistance to Restore and Improve Food and Nutrition Security of the Disaster-Affected Households in North, South and West Darfur States - TCP/SUD/3704 2021
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    Protracted displacement in Darfur has disrupted traditional agricultural based livelihood activities and eroded community capacity to withstand shocks Despite relative peace and stability in Darfur in recent years, around 1 6 million displaced people continue to live in camps and rural gatherings, according to data released by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Sudan in 2018 In addition, according to the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan ( more than two million people in Darfur are food insecure The capacity of resident communities to host displaced people in the conflict affected areas, whether sedentary rural farmers or nomadic pastoralists, has been undermined In addition, low crop productivity associated with the lack of certified seeds and variable rainfall has forced many farmers to engage in shifting cultivation, encroaching on grazing routes and sites Vulnerable people among internally displaced persons ( returnees and hosting communities are increasingly vulnerable because of their reduced access to agricultural inputs and water, as well as a chronic shortage of basic services The conflict has also impacted pastoral traditional mobility and access to grazing and water resources for livestock, giving rise to resource based competition and tension between farmers and pastoralists.

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