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Fishery credit in Indonesia

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    Project
    Credit For Fisherfolk : The Experience In Adirampattinam Tamil Nadu, India - BOBP/WP/38 1986
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    One of the prime needs of small-scale fisherfolk is credit. Under a “coastal village development project” initiated by the BOBP in Adirampattinam, Tamil Nadu, India, in 1981, the credit needs of fisherfolk were determined and a scheme was formulated under which a nationalised bank would lend Rs. 1,000 each to 100 fishermen for the purchase of nets. Fish marketing loans were given to fisher-women by a voluntary organization, the Working Women’s Forum (WWF) and also by the Fisherwomen’s Extension Service of the Fisheries Department. The project and its activities have been described in an earlier paper (BOBP/WP/1 9 — “Coastal village development in four fishing communities of Adirampattinam, Tamil Nadu, India” by F. W. Blase). The present paper evaluates the impact of the loans for fisherfolk (both project loans for fishermen and those provided for fisherwomen by the WWF and the Fisheries Department.) The paper studies the usefulness of the loans and the rate of loan repayment. It at tempts to analyse the success of the strategy of “group formation” for loan distribution and for development. The Coastal Village Development Project and the loan evaluation study which is the subject of this report are activities of “Development of Small-Scale Fisheries in the Bay of Bengal,” a project of the BOBP. It started in 1979. It is funded by SIDA (Swedish International Development Authority) and executed by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). Its main goal s are to develop, demonstrate and promote appropriate technologies and methodologies to improve the conditions of small-scale fisherfolk in member countries — Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A Shri Lanka Credit Project to Provide Banking Services to Fisherfolk - BOBP/REP/55 1992
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    At the request of the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Shri Lanka, the Bay of Bengal Programme for Small-Scale Fisheries Development (BOBP) launched a Fisherfolk Credit Project that would provide comprehensive banking services to the fishing community through the introduction of need-based lending schemes, incorporating the principles of simplicity, timeliness and flexibility. The Project involved a series of activities, such as the conducting of a socio-economic survey, a number of training programmes and several studies of past fisherfolk credit activities, cost and earnings of small-scale economic activities, marketing strategies for fisheries credit and training needs of banks, training and orientation of fisheries and bank officers and the prospective borrowers, all ultimately leading to the design and implementation of a viable fisheries credit scheme. The design and the formulation of the credit scheme was the output of a joint exercise by the participating banks and the fisheries administration and was supported by BOBP. Credit disbursement began in mid-1992. This report describes the activities carried out by the Project, highlights the main features of the credit scheme, and discusses the lessons learnt.
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    Document
    Romania: Bank Lending to Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Rural areas; an Analysis of Supply and Demand
    Report N. 9 - January 2005
    2005
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    The economic situation in Romania has improved over the last years and starting in 2001 the growth rate averaged some 5 percent per year. Also the development of the financial sector has gathered pace and domestic and foreign direct investments, in view of the country’s accession to the EU in 2007, are rapidly picking up. These favourable trends, however, are far from being evenly distributed over the territory: Bucharest and a few other big towns in more favourable regions account for the bulk of the growth, while a large part of the country’s economic potential, representing small cities and rural communities, is not fully utilized. One of the reasons that financial resources allocated to rural areas remain under-utilized is the inadequacy of financial services to match the needs of local business, notwithstanding the number of specially designed financing programs in this respect. This publication is part of report series published under the FAO Investment Centre/European Bank f or Reconstruction and Development Cooperation Programme. The series presents sector reviews and studies undertaken in Central and Eastern Europe that cover development issues and innovative areas to increase investment in agriculture in the region. Romania's entry into the European Union in 2007 is expected to have a significant impact on the country's small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) operating in rural areas. EBRD's Financial Institutions team, together with its Agribusiness team, h as developed a Facility to mix EU grant and EBRD loans in favour of rural SMEs in EU accession countries. EBRD called upon FAO's expertise to review lending opportunities in Romania's rural sector. This report was prepared to put forward recommendations to EBRD and local financial intermediaries, on which clients the EU/EBRD Facility should focus and on the types of financial products required to serve these new clients. The analysis can be used by other local or international financial institut ions interested in rural credit.

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