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IPTRID No.7 Modernizing Irrigated Agriculture in the Near East








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    Mapping System and Services for Pressurized irrigation systems – MASSPRES 2024
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    FAO's Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 63 introduced the MASSCOTE methodology in 2007, tailored for modernizing large-scale canal irrigation systems. With global interest shifting towards pressurized pipe systems, particularly in water-scarce regions, the need for a similar methodology became apparent. Pressurized systems offer advantages like on-demand irrigation, reduced water wastage, and environmental impact. However, they require complex management due to changing water demands.To address this, FAO developed the MASSPRES approach, building on MASSCOTE's principles. MASSPRES aims to assess and enhance the performance of pressurized irrigation schemes, introducing steps like the Rapid Appraisal Procedure (RAP) for system mapping. It offers innovative methods for evaluating pressures and discharges at farm hydrants under various operating conditions, replacing earlier statistical analysis approaches. MASSPRES incorporates indicators for capacity, reliability, distribution equity, sensitivity to change, and perturbation risks into user-friendly software. Practical examples from Egypt, Italy, Spain, and Tunisia showcase its effectiveness. As governments seek to improve water and food production amidst increasing water scarcity, adopting technologies like pressurized irrigation becomes crucial. MASSPRES provides a systematic framework for both upgrading existing systems and designing future ones, addressing the complexities of managing pressurized irrigation efficiently.
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    Water productivity baseline assessment in Jordan 2022
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    Jordan is one of the most water scarce countries in the world. Jordan covers an area of about 89 000 km2 with a mostly Mediterranean climate (arid to semi-arid), with three main climatic and geographic zones: the highlands, Jordan Valley, and the eastern desert. The highlands extend from the northern to the southern part of the country and separate the Jordan Valley from the desert. The northern and central parts of the highlands are characterized by a hot dry summer and a cold wet winter, receiving the highest amounts of precipitation in the country. The Jordan Valley extends along the western part of the country and is the most fertile area in Jordan. The climate is arid with a hot dry summer, a warm winter and an average precipitation of less than 200 mm per year. Agriculture consumes around 52 percent of the water withdrawn in the country. While the demand on water is continuously increasing and exceeding the available supply, it is necessary to add always more value to any drop of water. This could be achieved through assessing and improving water productivity. Water productivity is broadly defined as the ratio of the outputs obtained from crops to the amount of water used to produce those outputs.
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    Remote Sensing-Based Agricultural Water Accounting (AWA) for the North Jordan Valley 2022
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    The reader will have the chance to know more about the agricultural water accounting (AWA) activity, which was implemented in three cycles that included rapid assessment, detailed mapping and implementation of new techniques to assess water use and efficiency in the North Jordan Valley (NVJ). In these cycles, consolidated procedures have been applied to complement and validate open source data from earth observation systems (EOS) and the open source portal (WaPOR) of the Food and Agricultural Organization. The overall aim of the work was to provide assessment for agricultural water use in NJV and to provide solutions for water deficiency. The ultimate goal of the work was to institutionalize the water accounting (WA) systems at the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, so that open source data and WA tools would be fully utilized for water management in Jordan.

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