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National stakeholder consultation on strengthening national capacity for risk-based food import control within One Health framework in Sri Lanka

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    Book (stand-alone)
    Ensuring the safety of imported food: Current approaches for imported food control in Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines and Sri Lanka 2018
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    Food products have been the third most valuable commodity group traded internationally, and imports constitute a significant proportion of the food supplies of developing countries in particular. FAO Members have expressed the need for technical support and guidance to achieve effective national imported food control systems. In 2017, FAO collaborated with the Governments of Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines and Sri Lanka under the project entitled “Strengthening national capacity for risk-based food import control within a One Health framework” to support the countries in improving their existing systems of national imported food controls. National situation reports of the countries were developed to identify and document their systems’ current status with their strengths and any improvements needed. Findings of the national situation reports have indicated that there are common approaches and tools that can be used to address the needs in all four countries, despite the differences in their levels of development, human capacities and institutional structures. The present document has compiled all four national situation reports and summarized some approaches and tools that would be applicable to most developing countries in the world, including the: 1) use of risk categorization to prioritize commodity and hazard combinations to create a concise and easy reference for border control officials so that high-risk and high-interest food items will receive more attention than other food items; 2) nationwide dissemination and use of standard operating procedures for risk-based inspections for imported foods to maintain consistency and transparency; and 3) systematic written communication mechanism among food safety competent authorities and relevant border control officials on importer profiles, the abovementioned risk categorization results, and required documents to achieve effective risk-based management for imported foods.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Stakeholder consultations on imported food control situation in Myanmar
    Meeting summary report
    2018
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    Information on Myanmar’s national imported food control system was collected during previous projects and pre-consultation meetings with relevant government agencies. To build on these efforts and to validate the information collected, two one-day stakeholder consultations were held under the FAO project “Strengthening national capacity for risk-based food import control within a One Health Framework” in Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar on 7 and 9 November 2017, respectively. The consultations were attended by 30 participants from various governmental stakeholders whose work is relevant to imported food controls. Myanmar Inspection and Testing Service stated that currently, all foods are considered high risk and individually assessed, mostly based on documentation. A structured risk prioritization of imported commodities and risk-based inspections at borders is lacking in the current system. The laboratories of the Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department report that quarantine capacities are best developed in Yangon, and are absent at other border points. Laboratory capacities are limited and cannot be used by different government departments. There is a significant illegal trade of livestock that are in poor health. Myanmar Livestock Association highlighted the need for investing in and modernizing the infrastructure for livestock. Myanmar Fisheries Association stated that the national demand for fish is increasing but there are concerns about the risks to domestic fish stocks due to the illegal fish trade. Based on the critical issues raised by each agency during the consultations, immediate action recommendations include: 1) recognizing the significant illegal food import trade and addressing it in future actions; 2) improving plant and animal food clearances in line with international Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures; 3) developing procedures for sampling and inspecting imported foods; 4) developing and using a risk-based priority commodities list; and 5) improving quarantine and testing laboratory capacities. A national situation report with strengths, gaps and potential areas for improvement of the imported food control system in Myanmar was compiled by stakeholders in early 2018.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Imported food control in Bhutan
    National situation report – March 2019
    2020
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    Like many small and developing nation, Bhutan imports large proportion of its food supplies. In order for Bhutan to develop an effective imported food control system, the country situation analysis has been conducted to capture accurately the existing national imported food control situation in Bhutan. The key findings included: 1) Bhutan does not implement systematic and science-based import inspection and certification currently, except for few selected food commodities presenting high biosecurity risk; 2) key legislations and other important guidelines, permits, certificates, SOPs related to imported food control have been developed, but are yet to be implemented fully; 3) infrastructure at official border points needs to be strengthened to implement imported food control system effectively; 4) staff needs to be trained to implement import inspection and certification; and 5) an integrated database on food quality and safety surveillance, and import and export inspection and certification need to be developed to generate data for risk assessment and risk categorization. Detailed findings and priority recommended actions plans are documented in this report to strengthen imported food control in Bhutan taking the One Health approach.

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