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Price monitoring and analysis country brief - Yemen







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    Price monitoring and analysis country brief - Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011
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    High food prices persist, but decline was observed in August 2011, in some of the markets: maize prices in Kisangani and Bunia showed a declining trend whereas local rice and cassava flour prices increased. According to international agencies the situation of hunger is extremely alarming with very high prevalence of undernourisment. The FAO Global Early Warning Information System (GIEWS) reports severe localized food insecurity. The already dire food security conditions are aggravated by p ersistent conflict and insecurity. It was estimated that some 1.7 million people are internally displaced. International agencies continue assisting affected population together with refugees and IDPs throughout the country.
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    Price monitoring and analysis country brief - Sierra Leone 2011
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    The lean season pushed food prices up and increased the dependence on international market where rice prices are extremely high, therefore constraining access to food for the poor. Food security has deteriorated during the reporting period due to seasonal food shortage. Agencies are concerned over widespread lack of access to food and an alarming situation of hunger. There are good crop prospects thanks to improved weather conditions which are benefiting crop growth. Government promote d incentives to facilitate rice imports to support poor consumers during the lean season.
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    Yemen Plan of Action. Towards Resilient and Sustainable Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security 2014-2018 2014
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    Yemen, one of the least developed countries in the world, is experiencing a complex and protracted crisis that has heavily affected its political and socio-economic stability and economic performance. Years of conflict – compounded by the degradation of natural resources, limited food production, climate change and variability, population growth and widespread unemployment – have made much of Yemen’s population extremely vulnerable. Hunger affects 10.5 million people (nearly half the nation), in cluding 4.5 million who are severely food insecure. An overlapping 55 percent live in poverty and 35 percent are unemployed. Rural populations are disproportionately vulnerable, accounting for 84 percent of the country’s poor. Competition over scarce opportunities, resources and services is increasing fast. Yemen’s population is growing by 3.6 percent per year, half of its people are under the age of 15 and 60 percent of youth are jobless. Lack of employment opportunities, particularly for youth , fuels alienation and exclusion from the state and economy, and feeds into conflict, instability and increased migration. Growing numbers of internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees, migrants and returnees throughout Yemen are exerting further unsustainable pressure. Once self-sufficient in cereals, Yemen now depends on oil revenue to import nearly all of the country’s food. Around 95 percent of cereals consumed and 85 percent of overall foodstuffs were imported in 2013. Rising internationa l commodity prices further threaten the food consumption and dietary diversity of Yemen’s poor, as families must spend more money for the same amount of food. To cope, poor households often cut other critical expenses, such as schooling and medical care. There is tremendous need, scope and potential to strengthen agriculture in Yemen. The sector – encompassing crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry production – employs over half of the labour force and provides a livelihood to two out of three people. Despite severe resource constraints, agriculture remains one of the most promising sectors in terms of employment creation, economic growth and trade development.

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