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Building Resilience to Drought in Lesotho - TCP LES 3601










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    Project
    Emergency Support to Households Affected by El Niño-Induced Drought in the Kingdom of Eswatini - TCP/SWA/3601 2019
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    The agriculture sector is crucial to the livelihoods of over 70 percent of the rural population in the Kingdom of Eswatini, most of whom are subsistence farmers. The country faces a number of challenges to agricultural production, including drought induced by El Niño. In February 2016, the El Niño-induced drought was declared a national disaster, causing serious implications for approximately 35 000 households who were not be able to afford inputs for planting, as well as many other farmers who experienced a drastic decline in harvest. The aim of the project was to support 2 500 of the most vulnerable households affected by the drought through the provision of emergency assistance in the form of training and technical support on the use of Climate-smart Agriculture (CSA) technologies and seed and hand tool distribution.
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    Emergency Assistance to Mitigate the Impact of El Niño-Induced Drought on Livelihoods of Vulnerable Agricultural and Agropastoral Households in Zambia - TCP/ZAM/3703 2020
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    The agriculture sector in Zambia supports the livelihoods of nearly 85 percent of the population, which includes 17 million people located across three agroecological zones. The sector is currently facing an increasing number of hazards, such as recurrent dry spells, floods and pest insurgences, which affect crops and livestock of economic importance. The effects of drought, in particular, are being exacerbated by increased occurrences of El Niño weather patterns. Moreover, drier conditions are likely to lead to increased insurgences of pests, such as the fall armyworm (FAW), and cases of livestock disease. Prior to the project, the 2018/19 National Contingency Plan, which was jointly developed by the Government, UN agencies and non-governmental organizations, estimated that 609 608 agriculture-dependent households would be affected by extreme weather conditions, with around 280 000 people requiring food assistance. The affected population would also require emergency assistance that enables them to engage in agricultural activities to rebuild their livelihoods. To mitigate the effects of El Niño-induced drought in Zambia, the project sought not only to protect existing livelihood assets, including crops and livestock, against potential threats, but also promote agricultural practices and effective surveillance measures that support production.
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    Booklet
    Impact of food prices increase among Lesotho’s poorest 2016
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    At the moment, Lesotho is experiencing a large increase in the price of maize, the main staple food in the country. The current drought induced by El Niño is increasingly affecting countries in Southern Africa, especially South Africa, which is the main source of cereal imports for Lesotho, with the potential to deteriorate the food security in the country. The food prices inflation is causing a decrease in staple food consumption among the poor of the country. Rising food prices reduce access to food among net food buyers. This effect is most severe among poor households, because they spend a higher share of their income on food. This report, simulates, with a demand system, the effects of an increase in the price of food commodities. The data used were collected for the evaluation of a social protection policy, the Child Grants Programme, which offers unconditional cash transfers to poor households with orphans and vulnerable children.

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