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GIEWS Special Alert No. 345 - East Africa, 23 April 2019

Severe dryness at the start of 2019 first rainy season and unfavourable weather forecasts raise food security concerns












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    Newsletter
    GIEWS Special Alert No. 348 - East Africa, 18 November 2021
    In Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, severe and prolonged dry weather conditions raise food security concerns
    2021
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    Severe dryness in October and in the first half of November 2021 in several areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia had a negative impact on crop planting and germination. According to weather forecasts, the remainder of the October–December rainy season is likely to be characterized by below-average rainfall amounts, as a result cereal production is expected at below‑average levels. Significant rainfall deficits since early October 2020 have severely affected pastoral areas and drought is causing widespread shortages of water and pasture with an increase in animal emaciation and deaths. The food insecurity situation is expected to deteriorate in the coming months, with the number of severely food insecure people estimated at 2.4 million in Kenya and 3.5 million in Somalia in late 2021. Further increases are likely in early 2022. It is urgently needed to scale up livelihood support and food assistance interventions as recurrent climatic shocks have largely undermined household resilience.
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    GIEWS Special Alert No. 346 - Somalia, 15 May 2019
    About 2.2 million Somalis facing severe food insecurity as drought conditions worsen
    2019
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    Between July and September 2019, 2.2 million people, almost 18 percent of the total population, are expected to face severe food insecurity. The projected food insecure caseload is 40 percent higher than the estimate at the beginning of 2019, as drought conditions are severely affecting crop and livestock production and disrupting livelihoods. Household resilience has been undermined by recurrent climatic shocks, overstretched social support networks and declining humanitarian assistance. Urgent life saving and livelihood support, including cash and food assistance, are needed to prevent a further worsening of the current humanitarian situation.
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    Somalia Situation Report – June 2017 2017
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    Extended drought and consecutive poor harvests have impacted rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine. Some 6.7 million people currently face acute food insecurity (IPC Phases 2, 3 & 4), with the majority – 68 percent – of severely food insecure people (IPC phases 3 & 4) in rural areas (2.2 million). Rural areas are home to nine in ten people at greatest risk. The worst has so far been averted via a combination of interventions, including cash tr ansfers and livelihood support delivered by FAO at massive scale in rural areas. The April–June rains are critical to Somalia’s main Gu growing season and help rejuvenate rangelands; this year they started late and have been below average in most areas. Precipitation did allow crops to germinate, though yields in rainfed areas will depend on the level and distribution of rain during the remainder of the season. Forecasting suggests precipitation is tapering off and will end up below-average. Sti ll, rains have improved rangeland conditions and partially filled water catchments, providing some relief for pastoralists and their livestock. Animal body conditions are expected to improve. Disease continues to compound needs and impact food security, and displacement has somewhat slowed recently due to a variety of factors.

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