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Integrating the sterile insect technique as a key component of area-wide tsetse and trypanosomiasis intervention

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    Guidelines for the Use of Mathematics in Operational Area-Wide Integrated Pest Management Programmes Using the Sterile Insect Technique with a Special Focus on Tephritid Fruit Flies 2016
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    This guideline will assist managers in the use of mathematics in area-wide Integrated Pest Management (AW-IPM) programmes using the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT). It describes mathematical tools that can be used at different stages of suppression/eradication programmes. It provides simple methods for calculating the various quantities of sterile insects required so that more realistic sterile: fertile rates to suppress pest populations can be achieved. On the other hand, most SIT programmes ha ve information systems based on GIS that produces reliable profiles of historic information. Based on the results of past activities they describe what has happened in the last weeks but barely explain what is expected in the following weeks. With the help of this guideline current AW-IPM progammes can use that historic information to develop predictive models for their particular conditions to better plan control measures.
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    Long-term tse-tse and trypanosomiasis management options in West Africa 2004
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    Tsetse-transmitted animal trypanosomiasis is a complex disease that directly and indirectly has an impact on Africa’s crop and livestock agricultural development. In this paper, state-of-the-art spatial tools are applied to study the variety of agro- ecological settings in West Africa with a view to providing decision support to the management of the tsetse and trypanosomiasis ( T& problem according to the prevailing agro- ecological conditions. Based on the analytical mapping of dominant lives tock systems, land- use patterns, integration of livestock and crop agriculture ( mixed farming) and geoclimatic factors affecting tsetse ecology ( northern dry band with fragmented tsetse populations and southern humid band where tsetse are widespread), priority areas for T& T intervention were identified. These areas are situated the northern band of the tsetse belt where: • tsetse populations are fragmented ( and therefore vulnerable) or confined only to suitable vegetation along main river courses; • fly reinvasion risk is minimal due to land pressure and adverse climatic conditions for tsetse; and • integration of crop and livestock agriculture prevails. In these areas, the elimination of the fly and the disease may be achievable and consolidated through the expansion and intensification of mixed farming, leading to maximal yield benefits when expressed in terms of sustainable agriculture and rural development.
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    Guideline for packing, shipping, holding and release of sterile flies in area-wide fruit fly control programmes 2017
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    This guideline is an updated version of the one published in 2007. It is aimed at providing harmonized processes involved in the handling and release of sterile insects after production in mass rearing facilities to FAO or International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) member countries that want to embark on sterile insect technique (SIT) activities. There is also increased interest by the private sector in investing in sterile insect production and/or other SIT activities, and these harmonized guide lines on the post-production phase will facilitate SIT application and foster the commercialization of the SIT. This guideline resulted from two FAO/IAEA consultants' meetings with representatives of relevant SIT programmes, the first held in Sarasota, Florida, United States of America (April 2004) and the second in Vienna, Austria (August 2005). It also resulted from an in depth review of the first edition, conducted in 2014 and 2015 by SIT program managers and scientists working with SIT techn ology.

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