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Estimating GHG emissions and carbon sequestration in agriculture, forestry and other land use with EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool EX-ACT

E-learning fact sheet - Revised version










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Estimating greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration with EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool
    E-learning fact sheet
    2020
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    This fact sheet describes the course on the EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT), developed by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a user-friendly tool for estimating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and carbon sequestration in AFOLU projects.
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    EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT) 2017
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    EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT) is a tool developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It is aimed at providing ex-ante estimates of the mitigation impact of agriculture, forestry and fishery development projects, estimating net Carbon (C) balance from greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and C sequestration. EX-ACT is a land-based accounting system, measuring C stocks, stock changes per unit of land, and CH4 and N2O emissions expressed in t CO2-e per hectare an d year. The main output of the tool is an estimation of the C-balance that is associated with adoption of alternative land management options, as compared to a ‘business as usual’ scenario. EX-ACT has been developed using primarily the IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC 2006), complemented by other existing methodologies and reviews of default coefficients where available. Default values for mitigation options in the agriculture sector are mostly from the 4th Asse ssment Report of IPCC chapter 8, Smith et al.2007. Default values for wetlands (inland and coastal) are from the 2013 supplement to the IPCC 2006 (IPCC 2014). Thus, EX-ACT allows for the C–balance appraisal of new investment programmes by ensuring an appropriate method available for donors and planning officers, project designers and decision makers within agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors in developing countries. The tool can also help to identify the mitigation impacts of various inv estment project options, and thus provide an additional criterion for consideration in project selection. These technical guidelines for using EX-ACT aim at providing the user with the details of procedures and numbers used to perform calculation of C balance.
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    The Carbon Balance of the World Bank-financed Land Husbandry, Water Harvesting and Hillside Irrigation (LWH) Project of the Government of Rwanda: Application of the EX-Ante Carbon-balance tool (EX-ACT)
    Applied Work. EASYPol Module 121
    2012
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    Agriculture can play an important role in climate change mitigation while contributing to increased food security and reductions in rural poverty. The Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT) can estimate the mitigation potential of rural development projects generated from changes in farming systems and land use. The study presents and discusses the EX-ACT analysis performed on the World Bankfinanced Land Husbandry, Water Harvesting and Hillside Irrigation Project of the Government of Rwanda. Estim ates of the impact of project activities on greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration demonstrate that the implementation of the LWH project will provide additional environmental benefits by helping to mitigate climate change. Thus it reflects possible synergies between mitigation and rural development goals through a watershed approach.

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