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Perceptions of forests

Unasylva. Vol.54







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    The current situation and perception analysis of forest carbon offset scheme in Korea
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    As the international community pays attention to the absorption of carbon using forests, Korea has been operating the Forest Carbon Offset Scheme since 2013. However, monitoring performance to be performed for certification is sluggish, and it was found that there is a limit to sustainable operation. This study aims to analyze current situation and perception of Forest Carbon Offset Scheme in Korea to suggest problems and direction of improvement.

    Through literature surveys and interviews, in-depth interview questions were selected, and people in charge of transaction-type projects were interviewed in-depth. The Survey was conducted on people in charge, and the characteristics of perception were analyzed through descriptive statistical and frequency analysis.

    The main expected effect was profit generation, and the overall perception of the expected effect decreased. Hindrances were in the order of "Concern about transaction possibilities", "Complexity of certification procedure", "Lack of competent professionals", "Lack of support costs for project planning", "Administrative delay" and "Lack of project operators’ expertise". Also, there were some issues in need of improvement in three aspects. First, there were issues with “Complexity of certification procedure”, “Lack of competent professionals”, “Lack of support costs for project planning”, and “Administrative delay” in system and operation. Second, there were issues with “Concern about transaction possibilities” in profitability. Third, there were issues with “Lack of project operators’ expertise”, “Gap between business purpose and expectation” in participants’ characteristics and perception.

    This study proposed "Providing guidelines and information on the project through periodic identification of the people in charge", "Emphasizing awareness as a project for social contribution", and "Encouragement of revenue generation from non-carbon revenue sources" for improvement of scheme. Keywords: Policies, Climate change, Sustainable forest management ID: 3486756
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    Conservation of green blue carbon ecosystem: Local perceptions and awareness on mangrove forest
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Management of blue carbon ecosystems including mangrove and seagrass beds is necessary to reduce the global carbon emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change, in addition to the managements of terrestrial forest ecosystem. The scheme of the REDD+, which is Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, plus the sustainable management of forests, and the conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks, has been used for the managements of different types of forests and related ecosystems. The concepts of REDD+ can be applied for the blue carbon ecosystems. In recent academic literatures, the discussion of the application of REDD+ is increasing, considering the characteristics of the management of blue carbon ecosystems. The management of blue carbon ecosystems need the various stakeholders’ collaboration, because they are in the border of different ecosystems including terrestrial and coastal ones, where different types of livelihoods and industries co-exist. To identify the status of discussions of REDD+ for blue carbon ecosystems, literature review on REDD+ and blue carbon ecosystem management was conducted by using quantitative text mining approaches. Regarding the local perceptions and awareness on mangrove forest, a case study in the Philippines was conducted. In concrete terms, household surveys to the locals in Eastern Samar were implemented to identify their perceptions and awareness. The analysis result can contribute to science-policy interface by providing the following information; resource utilization, level of awareness on ecosystem services and existing management plans, and perceptions on natural and anthropogenic threats. It reveals that social demography and level of awareness of the locals are factors which influence status of utilization of mangrove ecosystem services. Those result can be used as an evidence of policy making and facilitate the application of conservation schemes considering the local context of the study site. Keywords: blue carbon ecosystems; REDD+; perceptions; local stakeholders; conservation ID: 3486787
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    Institutional involvement and peoples’ perception towards urban forestry
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    For millennia, trees have been acknowledged as an important component of urban landscapes because they give a variety of societal advantages. Even though tree planting has long been an inherent and significant aspect of human settlements in Nepal, the notion of urban forestry is little understood and frequently ignored. Only a few organizations in major cities have begun urban forestry projects. The study was carried out in the Kathmandu metropolitan metropolis of Kathmandu district, with the goal of identifying institutions engaged in the field of urban forestry, their urban forestry-related activities, and identifying the important urban forestry species. It also attempted to determine people's level of awareness and perceptions of urban forestry. Questionnaire surveys, key informant interviews, and direct field observation were used to gather primary data. Secondary data was gathered from published and unpublished literatures, as well as authorized webpages and publications from the organization in question. Using SPSS and Microsoft Excel, the collected data was examined statistically and qualitatively. Statistical methods such as mean, and average were used to portray the results in the form of figures, charts, tables, and text. According to the study's findings, several institutes work in the field of urban forestry. However, none of them are completely dedicated to urban forestry; instead, they just contribute to it. The main activities of urban forestry include park creation, plantations, and public awareness. Tree danger mitigation, greenways/greenbelts, and certain urban forestry- related research are among the other activities. The study also revealed that not everyone is aware of the benefits of urban forestry, and that people are less likely to participate in urban forestry activities. The survey also found that a lack of land was the most significant stumbling block to the city's urban forestry development. Due to uncontrolled urbanization, the amount of flora in the area was dwindling. The presence of urban tree species such as was discovered in the region. The current study suggests that early efforts be taken to establish an institutional architecture to support urban forestry programs, and that urban forestry be developed as a component of urban infrastructure. Keywords: Education, Monitoring and data collection, Youth and young generation, Deforestation and forest degradation ID: 3486386

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