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Participatory Processes towards Co-Management of Natural Resources in Pastoral Areas of the Middle East

A Training of Trainers Source Book Based on the Principles of Participatory Methods and Approaches








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    Book (stand-alone)
    Building capacity for mainstreaming fisheries co-management in Indonesia. Course book
    FAO FishCode CTC Project
    2009
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    This course book was prepared in support of a training course on fisheries co-management in Indonesia. It introduces the principles and practice of fisheries co-management with the objective of improving knowledge and skills to successfully develop fisheries co-management institutions. The course book is composed of four main modules which specifically address the fundamentals of fisheries co-management, its theoretical structure and the process of starting, planning and implementi ng fisheries co-management, all with a focus in Indonesia. From the numerous examples provided in this book, it is obvious that fisheries co-management has the potential to contribute to almost every sphere of fisheries management in Indonesia. It has a potential to incorporate the ecosystem approach and has proved to be effective in promoting conservation activities, including the protection, mitigation and rehabilitation of natural resources. There is a discussion of the criteria which may be used to assess a fisheries co-management regime in their relation to the type of aquatic ecosystem, the exploited species, the existing socio-political and economic system, and the prevailing rules and regulations. Attention is given to how the decision-making process takes place and the roles and responsibilities of the main stakeholders in co-managing fisheries, namely the community users of fisheries resources and the government. The book pays particular attention to the theory and benefits of community organization as a basis for successfully implementing co-management on the ground. The process of organization involves education, empowerment, developing or revitalizing values and ethics systems, developing notions of independence and partnership, developing organizational and leadership skills, and assisting the community to take action. The participatory action research approach methodology applied to fisheries co-management is outlined. Co-management assessment through monitoring and evaluation procedures is described in detail. Finally, the main aspects of how to develop a fisheries management plan are elucidated using examples from rural areas in Indonesia where fisheries co-management has successfully been implemented.
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    Article
    Impacts of co-management approach in influencing cognitive behavior of stakeholders in conserving the Sundarbans mangrove forest
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The Sundarbans – the single largest mangrove forest in the world is under significant pressure of more than 3.5 million people surrounding the forest who are either partially or completely dependent on the natural resources of the forest for their livelihoods. The management of this reserved forest was found ineffective for several decades mainly due to increased population pressure. It has been more than a decade since the government of Bangladesh have introduced co-management approach (CMA) which involved the local communities to the management functions of the forest. After the completion of several CMA-based projects, this research explored the impacts of CMA by influencing the cognitive behavior of different stakeholders which facilitated the conservation efforts of the Sundarbans. Factors affecting the changes in the local stakeholders’ behavior viz., literacy rate and alternative income generating sources, attitude, performance experience, observational learning, and emotional arousal were revealed in this qualitative study. It inquired how CMA influenced the behavioral changes of the local stakeholders by improving social and environmental awareness. This study also identified the problems and role of higher institutional bodies in changing the locals’ attitude towards the co-management functions. It also found the relationship among the components of CMA and the elements of cognitive behavior influencing the decision-making process of different stakeholders. The study examined whether this process moved forward or not to a sustainable solution for the conservation of the mangrove forest. The findings of the research are expected to help the policy makers to take various policy decisions for the improved and sustainable management of the Sundarbans mangrove forest. Moreover, the findings are also applicable as nature-based solutions for climate-change adaptation through changed attitudes and behaviors of local community people. Keywords: Co-management approach, cognitive behavior, conservation, Sundarbans, Bangladesh ID: 3487000
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Participatory Communication Strategy Design
    A Handbook
    2004
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    This Handbook on Participatory Communication Strategy Design (PCSD) has been prepared as a training and field guide for designing, implementing and managing communication for development strategies for field projects. The PCSD methodology is used to build on the results of the Participatory Rural Communication Appraisal (PRCA). It outlines ways of involving people in the decision-making processes for effective communication planning and action. The handbook focuses on the process of planning a communication strategy design in a participatory manner. It clearly explains the principles and processes of communication planning, message development, multimedia material production and the implementation of communication activities in the field. Although it does not dwell on the technical aspects of production, the handbook specifies the requirements for effective use of communication approaches, techniques, media, materials and methods among rural communities. It pres ents a step-by-step approach to strategy design. In this way the reader will be able to plan, implement, supervise and monitor the whole process. PCSD has been prepared primarily as training and reference material to be used during workshops for communication skills development, as well as a guide for participatory communication strategy design in the field. For those who have not been trained in PCSD, it is advisable to attend a training workshop in which the principles and proced ures of the activity can be learned and practised before application at the community level. The communication strategy design process described in the handbook has been tested in training workshops. It has also been applied with success to various development projects dealing with agriculture, health, education, income generation, gender, water and sanitation, animal husbandry and poverty alleviation.

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