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Communication and Natural Resource Management

Experience - Theory








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    Book (stand-alone)
    Revisiting the "Magic Box
    Case studies in local appropriation of information and communication technologies (ICTs)
    2003
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    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are transforming the lives of communities and groups in developing countries. This book shows that we are slowly beginning to understand how these communities are appropriating ICTs to address their needs. ICTs are being integrated into wider community-based activities and adapted to fit different contexts. A significant development has been in the growth of telecommunications, in particular mobile phones, that have proven to be relat ively cheap and powerful tools for poor communities, even in remote areas. The power of oral communication through telephones and radio cannot be underestimated. Whether for strengthening social relations, checking that remittances will arrive on time or increasing market opportunities, voicebased communications are appropriated far quicker than those based on the written word or even video. The challenge is to adapt the new, usually computer-based ICTs to the needs of poor, predom inantly oral-based communities so that they can be appropriated effectively and quickly. However, two years on from the paper, ‘Discovering the “Magic Box”, there are still too few examples of community-driven and locally appropriated ICT initiatives – and an absence of standards or guidelines to evaluate ICT-based projects. This book offers some analytical frameworks and indicators that move us further in the direction of identifying good practice and evidence of impact.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Building capacity for mainstreaming fisheries co-management in Indonesia. Course book
    FAO FishCode CTC Project
    2009
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    This course book was prepared in support of a training course on fisheries co-management in Indonesia. It introduces the principles and practice of fisheries co-management with the objective of improving knowledge and skills to successfully develop fisheries co-management institutions. The course book is composed of four main modules which specifically address the fundamentals of fisheries co-management, its theoretical structure and the process of starting, planning and implementi ng fisheries co-management, all with a focus in Indonesia. From the numerous examples provided in this book, it is obvious that fisheries co-management has the potential to contribute to almost every sphere of fisheries management in Indonesia. It has a potential to incorporate the ecosystem approach and has proved to be effective in promoting conservation activities, including the protection, mitigation and rehabilitation of natural resources. There is a discussion of the criteria which may be used to assess a fisheries co-management regime in their relation to the type of aquatic ecosystem, the exploited species, the existing socio-political and economic system, and the prevailing rules and regulations. Attention is given to how the decision-making process takes place and the roles and responsibilities of the main stakeholders in co-managing fisheries, namely the community users of fisheries resources and the government. The book pays particular attention to the theory and benefits of community organization as a basis for successfully implementing co-management on the ground. The process of organization involves education, empowerment, developing or revitalizing values and ethics systems, developing notions of independence and partnership, developing organizational and leadership skills, and assisting the community to take action. The participatory action research approach methodology applied to fisheries co-management is outlined. Co-management assessment through monitoring and evaluation procedures is described in detail. Finally, the main aspects of how to develop a fisheries management plan are elucidated using examples from rural areas in Indonesia where fisheries co-management has successfully been implemented.
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    Booklet
    The contribution of social protection to economic inclusion in rural areas 2020
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    Economic inclusion is at the forefront of the social protection agenda, and a concept increasingly recognized and developed by policymakers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and development partners at large. However, the actual underpinnings behind this term vary greatly, from broad, multisectoral, long-term approaches, to time-bound integrated bundles of interventions. Nonetheless, there is an increased understanding that effective economic inclusion processes and programmes will need to be integrated within broader systems, moving away from standalone and time-bound interventions (Heinemann, Montesquiou, and Hashemi, 2018). The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recognizes economic inclusion as one key pillar to eradicate extreme poverty, to foster more equal societies, and to reduce disparities between urban and rural areas (FAO 2019a). This paper will not examine the theoretical and programmatic details of economic inclusion pathways and corresponding interventions. Instead, after schematically presenting the main pathways, it will focus on analysing the contribution of social protection in each case. A broader framing document should be developed, analysing, and better detailing the pathways and how each sector can support them, and what that entails for FAO operations.

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