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Experiences of the Slovak Republic in the FAO Project








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    Risk management integrated approaches to the management of food safety throughout the food chain in Slovak Republic
    Country Paper proposed by Slovak Republic
    2002
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    Slovak republic is a country, which is being prepared intensively for membership in European Union. During this process, all EU legislation is being included into Slovakian legislation. Decisive part of food legislation have been already harmonised with EU legislation in line of European philosophy of total consumer protection. Both sides of risk management - legislation and control - are just now finishing to adjust to current European level, what will guarantee exhaustive and reliable approach not only to primary protection of consumer, but also to creation of substantial base for risk analysis individual procedures. Two institutions together - Slovak Veterinary and Food Administration and Food Research Institute - will be fully competent to take over the responsibility for food safety and consumer protection in the country and cooperate with European Food Authority.
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    Constraints in CEEC countries to Achieving International Laboratory Accreditation 2002
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    The Republic of Lithuania, in common with other countries of Central and Eastern Europe, is currently undergoing a transition period from a centrally planned economy to a market based system and is in the process of restructuring public sector institutions and revising former legislation. In 26 of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), this process is underway in a variety of stages and approaches, or has been completed. A wide range of refo rms has been necessary in all sectors of the economy including agriculture and food production. Important legislative, institutional and administrative changes have been identified that must take place in a number of key sectors including the laboratories sector in order to facilitate the implementation of Agreements such as the European Free Trade Agreement and other EU requirements. In the case of the Republic of Lithuania, a Free Trade Agreement between the European Union (EU) and the Republi c of Lithuania was signed in 1994, which later was changed by the Association (Europe) Agreement.
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    Proper targets for public health attention: the New Zealand experience with Taenia saginata
    Conference Room Document proposed by New Zealand
    2002
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    Cattle can be a host for the Taenia saginata infection which presents as a tapeworm in humans. It is not of large public health significance in New Zealand, nor in its beef production. A range of treatments - including proper cooking - is possible for meat which might carry undetected cysts. Medical treatment is also readily available in New Zealand for any humans infected. Studies have shown that a (theoretical) suspension of post-mortem inspection for the parasite would make little impact on p ublic health outcomes. Many importing country requirements still require this check to be part of the processing procedures. There are grounds for reassessing the reasons for this inspection in New Zealand's case, and for considering better use of scarce resources. Other countries may wish to consider the New Zealand modelling as they rank their public health priorities. As the Codex Alimentarius Commission considers its work on food safety objectives (and the Codex Committee on Meat and Poultry Hygiene recommences work), there may be lessons with wider relevance than just their application to the New Zealand situation

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