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Yemen Situation Report - July 2017









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    Document
    Yemen Plan of Action. Towards Resilient and Sustainable Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security 2014-2018 2014
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    Yemen, one of the least developed countries in the world, is experiencing a complex and protracted crisis that has heavily affected its political and socio-economic stability and economic performance. Years of conflict – compounded by the degradation of natural resources, limited food production, climate change and variability, population growth and widespread unemployment – have made much of Yemen’s population extremely vulnerable. Hunger affects 10.5 million people (nearly half the nation), in cluding 4.5 million who are severely food insecure. An overlapping 55 percent live in poverty and 35 percent are unemployed. Rural populations are disproportionately vulnerable, accounting for 84 percent of the country’s poor. Competition over scarce opportunities, resources and services is increasing fast. Yemen’s population is growing by 3.6 percent per year, half of its people are under the age of 15 and 60 percent of youth are jobless. Lack of employment opportunities, particularly for youth , fuels alienation and exclusion from the state and economy, and feeds into conflict, instability and increased migration. Growing numbers of internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees, migrants and returnees throughout Yemen are exerting further unsustainable pressure. Once self-sufficient in cereals, Yemen now depends on oil revenue to import nearly all of the country’s food. Around 95 percent of cereals consumed and 85 percent of overall foodstuffs were imported in 2013. Rising internationa l commodity prices further threaten the food consumption and dietary diversity of Yemen’s poor, as families must spend more money for the same amount of food. To cope, poor households often cut other critical expenses, such as schooling and medical care. There is tremendous need, scope and potential to strengthen agriculture in Yemen. The sector – encompassing crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry production – employs over half of the labour force and provides a livelihood to two out of three people. Despite severe resource constraints, agriculture remains one of the most promising sectors in terms of employment creation, economic growth and trade development.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Yemen - Plan of Action 2018–2020
    Strengthening resilient agricultural livelihoods
    2018
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    Yemen is experiencing the world's worst humanitarian crisis. As the crisis enters its fifth year, conflict, severe economic decline and collapsing essential services have taken an enormous toll on the population, exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. The United Nations (UN) has declared the last three years of the crisis as a system-wide ‘Level 3’ humanitarian emergency. Level 3 responses are activated in the most complex and challenging humanitarian emergencies, when the highest level of mobilization is required across the humanitarian system. Even before the conflict escalated, the country suffered high levels of poverty, food insecurity, undernutrition and malnutrition, water shortages and land degradation. Yemenis are also facing armed conflict, displacement, risk of famine and disease outbreaks. Since 2015, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ (FAO’s) support in Yemen has included key agricultural inputs, cash-based transfers and training, which has contributed to more than 2 million resource-poor households improving their food security and nutrition and strengthened their ability to cope with crises. In addition to short-term activities under UN-led humanitarian response plans, longer-term interventions are required to achieve lasting, sustainable improvements in food security and nutrition. FAO’s Plan of Action 2018–2020 serves as a strategic planning tool to guide FAO operations in Yemen through food security, nutrition and agricultural livelihoods programmes and projects. This document will also inform planning and programming for emergency and recovery support to Yemen’s agriculture sector. The overall goal of the three-year Plan of Action is to make a significant contribution towards improving food security and nutrition and strengthening the resilience of vulnerable rural and peri-urban households while restoring the agriculture sector of the country. As a dynamic document, the Plan of Action will be implemented through a flexible twintrack approach that can be tailored to its target areas for different types of intervention based on the conflict dynamics and changing circumstances in the country over the next three years. Strategic decisions on targeting will be informed by conflict analysis and regular conflict monitoring that ensures conflict-sensitive interventions.
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    Booklet
    Yemen Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan 2018
    Support to agriculture-based livelihoods
    2018
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    The Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan (ELRP) 2018 guides FAO’s response in Yemen to prevent the levels of food insecurity and malnutrition from worsening. It sets out key emergency agricultural livelihood interventions to be implemented within the framework of the 2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan. The overall goal is to improve food security and nutrition, alleviate rural poverty and enhance Yemen’s capacity to manage and respond to risks and threats in the agriculture sector through a resilience-based approach. In this regard, the plan reflects FAO’s strategic objective to strengthen livelihoods by helping countries to prepare for, manage and respond to threats and crises. The ELRP was prepared after an extensive analysis of the drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition in Yemen, a thorough review of assessment reports, and discussions with FAO technical staff and local stakeholders. Implementing the ELRP will require USD 57.1 million to support approximately 820 000 households (5.7 million people) – over a 12-month period – in the 16 governorates with the highest levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.

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