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Meeting fuel and energy needs in protracted crises










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    Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) Toolbox: Woodfuel Assessment in Displacement Settings
    Excel Application
    2016
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    This user guide describes how to use the Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) Toolbox: Woodfuel Assessment in Displacement Settings for supporting field-based actors who are directly involved in the management of natural resources and protection of crisis-affected populations. This tool provides guidance for assessing, monitoring and planning energy-related interventions. The SAFE Toolbox is an Excel-based application, which supports the systematic collection and analysis of multi-sectoral f ield data on energy needs, woodfuel resources and associated risks and challenges faced by people in displacement settings. The SAFE Toolbox is intended to support the identification of the baseline situation in which no intervention to address the energy needs of displaced and host communities has been carried out. The tool can be used to establish the baseline setting and to develop alternative scenarios to compare against the baseline. The user can simulate alternative scenarios in which im proved cooking technologies and new tree plantations are introduced to increase energy efficiency, reduce energy consumption and improve woodfuel supply. These scenarios facilitate the planning of interventions to contribute to safe and sustainable access to energy for cooking and to reduce environmental impacts and other associated risks in displacement settings.

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    Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) Toolbox 2016
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    This user guide describes how to use the Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) Toolbox: Woodfuel Assessment in Displacement Settings for supporting field-based actors who are directly involved in the management of natural resources and protection of crisis-affected populations. This tool provides guidance for assessing, monitoring and planning energy-related interventions. The SAFE Toolbox is an Excel-based application, which supports the systematic collection and analysis of multi-sectoral field data on energy needs, woodfuel resources and associated risks and challenges faced by people in displacement settings. The SAFE Toolbox is intended to support the identification of the baseline situation in which no intervention to address the energy needs of displaced and host communities has been carried out. The tool can be used to establish the baseline setting and to develop alternative scenarios to compare against the baseline. The user can simulate alternative scenarios in which improved cooking technologies and new tree plantations are introduced to increase energy efficiency, reduce energy consumption and improve woodfuel supply. These scenarios facilitate the planning of interventions to contribute to safe and sustainable access to energy for cooking and to reduce environmental impacts and other associated risks in displacement settings.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Woodfuel supply and energy demand assessment for Borno State, Nigeria (2013–2018)
    Assessing changes in woodfuel availability and multi-sectoral challenges associated with woodfuel in displacement settings
    2019
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    Globally, the number of conflicts is increasing which is the main cause of much of the recent deterioration of the global food security situation.  This situation is exacerbated by climate related shocks. Since 2009, a combination of man-made and natural disasters has disrupted livelihoods, threatened food security and forcibly displaced millions of people in northeast Nigeria. The conflict, in northeast Nigeria, takes on a central role in the ongoing food crisis by severely curtailing the ability of populations to access land and other natural resources such as woodfuel, the central object of this analysis. Access to energy is a precondition to food security, both are often highly constrained during crises. The ways in which energy is produced and used, can aggravate the vulnerability of populations to a number of risks and challenges by exposing them to malnutrition and other health conditions, reduced resilience to natural hazards and to environmental degradation, a disproportionate work burden for women, protection risks, conflicts and unsustainable livelihood activities. FAO, UNHCR and WFP have been promoting the multi-sectoral Safe Access to Fuel and Energy approach (SAFE) in the context of forced displacement to support an effective response and to contribute to building the resilience of vulnerable populations. The starting point of such a response in northeast Nigeria is this woodfuel supply and energy demand assessment, which provides a baseline for designing comprehensive interventions that take into account the energy needs of affected populations. The desired outcome of the SAFE approach is to “satisfy the fuel and energy needs for cooking, heating, lighting, and powering in a safe and sustainable manner, without fear or risk to health, well-being, and personal security of crisis affected populations”. The SAFE approach could make an effective and significant contribution to improve food security and nutrition, and ensure the sustainable management of natural resources. In addition, it will positively affect livelihoods, women and youth empowerment, protection and health risks. By taking adequate climate change mitigation and adaptation measures, the SAFE approach will also help to increase the resilience of vulnerable populations in the face of natural hazards and disasters, and contribute to peaceful coexistence between IDPs and local communities.

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