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SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - July 1998








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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - June 1998 1998
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    Rains started in early April in Burkina Faso and became widespread and abundant over the entire country in late May. The rainy season started in April in the extreme south of Chad, Mali and Niger. First significant rains reached the east of Guinea-Bissau in mid-May and the extreme south-east of Senegal in early June. Elsewhere, in Cape Verde, The Gambia, most parts of Senegal, Mauritania and eastern Niger, seasonably dry conditions continue to prevail. The last Meteosat satellite image for the f irst days of June indicates that cloud coverage progressed northwards over the Sahel region, especially in Mali, Burkina Faso and western Niger. Land preparation and planting are progressing following the onset of the rains. Crops are emerging satisfactorily in Burkina Faso and southern Chad and Mali. Grasshoppers are reported in Burkina Faso and eastern Guinea Bissau. No Desert Locusts were reported recently in the region. Low numbers of adults are expected to appear in the summer bree ding areas of southern Mauritania, and northern Mali and Niger. These will lay eggs with the onset of the seasonal rains. However, the scale of breeding this summer is expected to be very small. African Migratory Locusts hoppers resulting from residual populations following infestations in late 1997 have been reported in Chad, near N'Djamena. Rains started in early April in Burkina Faso and became widespread and abundant over the entire country in late May. The rainy season started in Apri l in the extreme south of Chad, Mali and Niger. First significant rains reached the east of Guinea-Bissau in mid-May and the extreme south-east of Senegal in early June. Elsewhere, in Cape Verde, The Gambia, most parts of Senegal, Mauritania and eastern Niger, seasonably dry conditions continue to prevail. The last Meteosat satellite image for the first days of June indicates that cloud coverage progressed northwards over the Sahel region, especially in Mali, Burkina Faso and western Niger.
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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION REPORT - July 2000 2000
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    Rains started in late April or May in southern Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea Bissau and Mali, in the extreme south-west of Niger and the extreme south-east of Senegal. They progressed northwards in June in the rest of Senegal, The Gambia and southern Mauritania. First rains have also been registered in late June in Cape Verde. Satellite imagery for the first dekad of July shows that cloud coverage moved northwards, notably over western Senegal and Mauritania, central and eastern Niger and Chad. The refore, above normal rains have been registered during this dekad in Senegal, Mauritania and western Mali. By contrast, precipitation remained more limited in central Mali and most parts of Burkina Faso. Plantings are progressing following the onset of the rains. Crops are emerging satisfactorily in southern Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger and Senegal. Improved rains are needed in Burkina Faso to avoid water stress on recently planted coarse grains. Seed availibility is generally adequate following above average to record harvests in most Sahelian countries in 1999. Pastures are starting to regenerate. The pest situation is mostly calm. Grasshopper attacks are reported in Chad and Niger. A few Desert Locusts were reported in mid-June in northern Mauritania. Some scattered solitary adults were also seen in central Aïr, Niger.
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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - June 1999 1999
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    The rainy season started generally on time or even early in southern Senegal. However, following generally above normal rains in early to mid-May, the rains decreased significantly in early June in the centre and the east of the Sahel. By contrast, in the west, they progressed northwards over Senegal, The Gambia and Guinea Bissau. The rainy season started in April in the extreme south of Mali and progressed northwards in May. In Burkina Faso, rains started in mid-April, became widespread and wer e generally above normal over the south and the centre up to mid-May, but they decreased significantly in early June. Precipitation was widespread over southern Niger and Chad in May but decreased in early June. Elsewhere, in Cape Verde, northern parts of Senegal and Mauritania, seasonably dry conditions prevail. The last Meteosat satellite image for the first few days of the second dekad of June confirms the rainfall pattern. Land preparation and plantings are in progress following the ons et of the rains. Crops are emerging satisfactorily in Burkina Faso, southern Chad and Mali but reduced rains in early June are threatening recently planted crops, notably in Burkina Faso. Grain-eating birds are reported in Chad, Mali and Niger. Control measures are underway. Rodents also appeared following plantings in Niger. Isolated Desert Locusts have been reported in Mauritania; low numbers are expected in the summer breeding areas of the Sahel once seasonal rains commence. No signific ant developments are expected.

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