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Report of the FAO and CITES Technical Workshop - Rome, Italy. 11-13 November 2008 / ?????? ?????? ? ?????? ??????????? ???







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    Report of the Technical Workshop on Survey-based Abundance Estimation Methods and Application of Modern Methods of Stock Assessment and Total Allowable Catch (TAC) Determination for Sturgeon Fisheries in the Caspian Sea. Antalya, Turkey, 24–29 September 2009 / ????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????, ?????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????. ???????, ??????, 24-29 ???????? 2009 2009
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    In response to a request from Azerbaijan, Islamic Republic of Iran, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan for assistance with building capacity in managing the sturgeon fisheries of the Caspian Sea, FAO developed a project entitled “Capacity building for the recovery and management of the sturgeon fisheries of the Caspian Sea” (TCP/INT/3101). At the FAO and the World Bank Planning Workshop in April 2008 where the four countries included in the project, plus the fifth Caspian range state the Rus sian Federation, participated it was agreed: “that a workshop should be held under the TCP Project with the following objectives: (i) identify, develop and test changes to the current stock assessment methodologies; and (ii) identify any support needed from development partners”. Such a workshop would further allow the countries to comply with a request from the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Animals Committee. In response to the above recommendation, FAO and CITES organized the Technical Workshop on Stock Assessment and Total Allowable Catch (TAC) Methodologies in Rome from 11 to 13 November 2008. That Workshop was attended by four of the Caspian countries, while Islamic Republic of Iran unfortunately was unable to attend.
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    Report of the FAO and CITES Technical Workshop on Combating Illegal Sturgeon Fishing and Trade. Antalya, Turkey, 28–30 September 2009 / ????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ? ?????, ??????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????. ???????, ??????, 28-30 ???????? 2009 2010
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    Growing concerns over the state of the sturgeon stocks in the five Caspian Sea littoral States led them to request technical assistance from FAO in improving their management of the sturgeon fisheries. At a planning meeting in Rome, Italy, from 28 to 30 April, 2008 where all the five Caspian countries were represented, the country delegates identified a number of priority issues that needed to be addressed. All workshop participants at that meeting agreed that illegal, unreported and unr egulated (IUU) fishing and trade in sturgeon products are among the most serious threats to a sustainable exploitation of the sturgeon stocks of the Caspian Sea; and it was recommended that a technical Workshop on combating these activities be convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). FAO and CITES made a first attempt to organize such a workshop in April 2009. However, on that occasion most of the countries were unable to nominate appropriate candidates within the time frame provided to them. But FAO and CITES, being convinced that the Caspian countries are genuinely interested in addressing these issues, and considering the fact that the Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) project has been allowed to continue its activities for another six months, decided to make another effort to bring the countries together to examine the optio ns for concerted action dealing with these problems.
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    Report of the FAO Workshop to review the application of CITES criterion Annex 2 a B to commercially-exploited aquatic species. Rome, 19-21 April 2011. 2011
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    The FAO Workshop to review the application of CITES criterion Annex 2 a B to commercially-exploited aquatic species was held in Rome from 19 to 21 April 2011. It was attended by eight independent experts and five FAO Officers. The Workshop was convened by FAO in response to a request by the 15th Conference of the Parties in 2010 to prepare a report that summarized the experience in applying the CITES Resolution Conf. 9.24 (Rev. CoP15) Annex 2 a B criterion and the introductory text to Annex 2 a to some or all the commercially-exploited proposed for inclusion on Appendix II at the 13th, 14th and 15th meetings of the Conference of the Parties, highlighting any technical difficulties or ambiguous issues encountered. The Workshop analysed the approaches used by the FAO Expert Advisory Panel in applying the criteria described in both paragraphs (A and B) of Annex 2 a. The Workshop noted that the biological information provided by proposals to list commercially exploite d aquatic species under CITES Appendix II was usually adequate. While the quantitative indicators provided by the proponents were mostly reliable, not all of them were used appropriately in the proposals (e.g. landings used as proxy for abundance). The Workshop also considered instances where the FAO Expert Advisory Panel was able to access additional information not included in the proposals and examples of data-poor species for which the FAO Expert Advisory Panel made flexible use of qualitative indicators. In conclusion, the FAO view that for both paragraphs of Annex 2 a the definitions, explanations and guidelines in Annex 5 of the Resolution Conf. 9.24 (Rev. CoP15) apply was endorsed by the Workshop. In addition, the Workshop recommended that the distinction made by the CITES Secretariat between the terms ¿decline¿ and ¿reduce¿ be clarified, in particular whether some other measure of decline is intended to apply to Annex 2 a B compared to Annex 2 a A. Furt hermore the Workshop observed that the FAO Expert Advisory Panel considered CITES Resolution Conf. 9.24 (Rev. CoP15) as a whole to provide adequate guidance for the determination, in a precautionary manner, of whether a species is at risk in the future as a result of international demand for trade.

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