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GOMA Scoping Study for Equivalence and Harminization of Organic Standards and Technical Regulations in the Asia Region








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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guide for Assessing Equivalence of Organic Standards and Technical Regulations (EquiTool) 2008
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    The International Task Force on Harmonization and Equivalence in Organic Agriculture (ITF) was convened from 2003 to 2008 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). It served as an open-ended platform for dialogue between private and public institutions involved in trade and regulatory activities in the organic agriculture sector. The overall objective of the ITF was to facilitate trade in organic products as a response to difficulties faced by organic producers and exporters due to the hundreds of different organic regulations, standards and labels worldwide.
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    International Requirements for Organic Certification Bodies (IROCB) 2008
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    The International Task Force on Harmonization and Equivalence in Organic Agriculture (ITF) was convened from 2003 to 2008 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). It served as an open-ended platform for dialogue between private and public institutions involved in trade and regulatory activities in the organic agriculture sector. T he overall objective of the ITF was to facilitate trade in organic products as a response to difficulties faced by organic producers and exporters due to the hundreds of different organic regulations, standards and labels worldwide. Not only do organic production standards vary, but requirements for organic certification bodies to conduct third party conformity assessment also vary. This causes difficulties for governments and certification bodies to recognize and accept organic products certifi ed in other systems or programs, and therefore also for organic producers to get certified organic products accepted in different markets. The ITF developed a normative document, “International Requirements for Organic Certification Bodies” (IROCB) as a tool to enable governments and organic certification and accreditation bodies to recognize certification bodies outside of their own system, and thus facilitate the acceptance of organic products certified by these bodies.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Bilateral Equivalence Arrangements on Trade of Organic Products
    a review of processes leading to arrangements between Canada and United States, Canada and European Union and European Union and United States
    2013
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    The Global Organic Market Access (GOMA) project, a joint FAO, IFOAM and UNCTAD initiative, works towards reducing the barriers to trade in organic products. In seeking to reduce those barriers, GOMA promotes and facilitates harmonization and especially equivalence between countries’ systems for organic standards and conformity assessment. Between 2009 and 2012, Canada, the European Union and the United States entered into equivalence arrangements with one another relative to their regu lation of organic products and labeling. The technical details of these arrangements are public and readily accessible. As a further contribution to information about these arrangements, GOMA reviewed the processes leading to the conclusions of the equivalence negotiations including the steps involved, the identification and resolution of issues, and factors contributing to the final equivalence decisions. The aim of this study is to expand the transparency of the arrangements and di sseminate knowledge to other governments who may consider engaging in equivalence processes with their trading partners.

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